A quasi-elastic aquifer deformational behavior: Madrid aquifer case study

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Title: A quasi-elastic aquifer deformational behavior: Madrid aquifer case study
Authors: Ezquerro Martín, Pablo | Herrera García, Gerardo | Marchamalo Sacristán, Miguel | Tomás, Roberto | Béjar Pizarro, Marta | Martínez Marín, Rubén
Research Group/s: Ingeniería del Terreno y sus Estructuras (InTerEs)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil
Keywords: DInSAR | Subsidence | Uplift | PSI | Elastic behavior | Monitoring
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería del Terreno
Issue Date: 27-Nov-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Hydrology. 2014, 519(Part A): 1192-1204. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.08.040
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the quasi-elastic deformational behavior that has been induced by groundwater withdrawal of the Tertiary detrital aquifer of Madrid (Spain). The spatial and temporal evolution of ground surface displacement was estimated by processing two datasets of radar satellite images (SAR) using Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI). The first SAR dataset was acquired between April 1992 and November 2000 by ERS-1 and ERS-2 satellites, and the second one by the ENVISAT satellite between August 2002 and September 2010. The spatial distribution of PSI measurements reveals that the magnitude of the displacement increases gradually towards the center of the well field area, where approximately 80 mm of maximum cumulated displacement is registered. The correlation analysis made between displacement and piezometric time series provides a correlation coefficient greater than 85% for all the wells. The elastic and inelastic components of measured displacements were separated, observing that the elastic component is, on average, more than 4 times the inelastic component for the studied period. Moreover, the hysteresis loops on the stress–strain plots indicate that the response is in the elastic range. These results demonstrate the quasi-elastic behavior of the aquifer. During the aquifer recovery phase ground surface uplift almost recovers from the subsidence experienced during the preceding extraction phase. Taking into account this unique aquifer system, a one dimensional elastic model was calibrated in the period 1997–2000. Subsequently, the model was used to predict the ground surface movements during the period 1992–2010. Modeled displacements were validated with PSI displacement measurements, exhibiting an error of 13% on average, related with the inelastic component of deformation occurring as a long-term trend in low permeability fine-grained units. This result further demonstrates the quasi-elastic deformational behavior of this unique aquifer system.
Sponsor: This work was developed during Pablo Ezquerro research stay within the Geohazards InSAR laboratory and Modeling group of the Instituto Geológico y Minero de España in the framework of DORIS project (Ground Deformation Risk Scenarios: an Advanced Assessment Service) funded by the EC-GMES-FP7 initiative (Grant Agreement nº 242212). This work has been also supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Research (MICINN) under project TEC2011-28201-C02-02 and EU FEDER. Additional funding was obtained from Spanish Research Program through the project ESP2013-47780-C2-2-R.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/40755
ISSN: 0022-1694 (Print) | 1879-2707 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.08.040
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.08.040
Appears in Collections:INV - INTERES - Artículos de Revistas

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