Development and Validation of MRM Methods to Quantify Protein Isoforms of Polyphenol Oxidase in Loquat Fruits

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Title: Development and Validation of MRM Methods to Quantify Protein Isoforms of Polyphenol Oxidase in Loquat Fruits
Authors: Martínez Márquez, Ascensión | Morante Carriel, Jaime | Sellés Marchart, Susana | Martínez Esteso, María José | Pineda Lucas, José Luis | Luque Romero, Ignacio | Bru-Martinez, Roque
Research Group/s: Proteómica y Genómica Funcional de Plantas
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Agroquímica y Bioquímica
Keywords: Multiple reaction monitoring | Transitions | Polyphenol oxidase | Loquat fruits | Isoform
Knowledge Area: Bioquímica y Biología Molecular
Issue Date: 18-Nov-2013
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Journal of Proteome Research. 2013, 12(12): 5709-5722. doi:10.1021/pr4006712
Abstract: Multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) is emerging as a promising technique for the detection and quantification of protein biomarkers in complex biological samples. Compared to Western blotting or enzyme assays, its high sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, assay speed, and sample throughput represent a clear advantage for being the approach of choice for the analysis of proteins. MRM assays are capable of detecting and quantifying proteolytic peptides differing in mass unique to particular proteins, that is, proteotypic peptides, through which different protein isoforms can be distinguished. We have focused on polyphenol oxidase (PPO), a plant conspicuous enzyme encoded by a multigenic family in loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) and other related species. PPO is responsible for both the protection of plants from biotic stress as a feeding deterrent for herbivore insects and the enzymatic browning of fruits and vegetables. The latter makes fruit more attractive to seed dispersal agents but is also a major cause of important economic losses in agriculture and food industry. An adequate management of PPO at plant breeding level would maximize the benefits and minimize the disadvantages of this enzyme, but it would require a precise knowledge of the biological role played by each isoform in the plant. Thus, for the functional study of the PPOs, we have cloned and overexpressed fragments of three PPO isoforms from loquat to develop MRM-based methods for the quantification of each isoform. The method was developed using an ion trap instrument and validated in a QQQ instrument. It resulted in the selection of at least two peptides for each isoform that can be monitored by at least three transitions. A combination of SDS-PAGE and MRM lead to detect two out of three monitored isoforms in different gel bands corresponding to different processing stages of PPO. The method was applied to determine the amount of the PPO2 isoform in protein extracts from fruit samples using external calibrants.
Sponsor: A.M.-M. holds a research grant from Conselleria d’Educacio, Cultura I Sport de la Generalitat Valenciana (FPA/2013/A/074), and J.M.-C. a postdoctoral grant from SENESCYT-ECUADOR (006-IECESMG5-GPLR-2012). S. S.-M. acknowledges financial support from Proteored-ISCIII. This work has been supported by grants from the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (A/8823/07) and (B/107931/08); University of Alicante (VIGROB-105), the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (BIO2011-29856-C02-02) and European funds for Regional development (FEDER).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/40205
ISSN: 1535-3893 (Print) | 1535-3907 (Online)
DOI: 10.1021/pr4006712
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2013 American Chemical Society
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/pr4006712
Appears in Collections:INV - Proteómica y Genómica Funcional de Plantas - Artículos de Revistas

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