Catalytic degradation of a plasticizer, di-ethylhexyl phthalate, using Nx–TiO2−x nanoparticles synthesized via co-precipitation

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Title: Catalytic degradation of a plasticizer, di-ethylhexyl phthalate, using Nx–TiO2−x nanoparticles synthesized via co-precipitation
Authors: Anandan, Sambandam | Pugazhenthiran, Nalenthiran | Lana-Villarreal, Teresa | Lee, Gang-Juan | Wu, Jerry J.
Research Group/s: Grupo de Fotoquímica y Electroquímica de Semiconductores (GFES)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Electroquímica
Keywords: Nx–TiO2−x | Nanoparticles | Co-precipitation synthesis | XPS | Catalytic ozonation | DEHP
Knowledge Area: Química Física
Issue Date: Sep-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2013, 231: 182-189. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2013.07.020
Abstract: There is an increasing concern in the decontamination of wastewater. Most of the advanced oxidation procedures described so far are based on the use of different oxidation reactions including photocatalysis and ozonation. Doped titanium dioxide nanoparticles are photoactive under visible light illumination, being therefore possible to harvest solar energy for water decontamination. In this study, anatase Nx–TiO2−x nanoparticles were successfully synthesized by a simple co-precipitation procedure based on the oxidation of titanous (III) chloride in the presence of ammonia. The transmission electron microscope images of Nx–TiO2−x show nanoparticles with an average diameter size of ∼13 nm. The presence of nitrogen (N1s) was verified using XPS analysis. The characteristic peak at 400 eV indicates the formation of O–Ti–N bonds. The Nx–TiO2−x nanoparticles were found to be useful for the removal of a wastewater pollutant use as plasticizer (di-ethylhexyl phthalate) by a combined process of heterogeneous photocatalysis under visible illumination coupled with ozonation. The photoactivity of the Nx–TiO2−x nanopowder is enhanced compared to commercial TiO2 P25 nanoparticles due to the generation of electron/hole pairs under visible irradiation together with a larger electrocatalytic activity towards oxygen reduction.
Sponsor: The research described herein was Financially Supported by the National Science Council (NSC) in Taiwan under the Contract No. of 101-2221-E-035-031-MY3. S.A. also thanks the Feng Chia University, Taiwan, for the Visiting Professor appointment. The authors, SA and TV thank Ministry of India and Spain for the sanction of India–Spain collaborative Research Grant (DST/INT/Spain/P-37/11 dt. 16th Dec 2011).
ISSN: 1385-8947 (Print) | 1873-3212 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2013.07.020
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - GFES - Artículos de Revistas

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