An improved procedure for obtaining and maintaining well characterized partial water saturation states on concrete samples to be used for mass transport tests

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Title: An improved procedure for obtaining and maintaining well characterized partial water saturation states on concrete samples to be used for mass transport tests
Authors: Anton, Carlos | Climent, Miguel-Ángel | Vera Almenar, Guillem de | Sánchez, Isidro | Andrade, Carmen
Research Group/s: Durabilidad de Materiales y Construcciones en Ingeniería y Arquitectura
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil
Keywords: Concrete | Humidity | Water saturation degree | Conditioning | Transport model
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería de la Construcción
Issue Date: Aug-2013
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Citation: Materials and Structures. 2013, 46(8): 1389-1400. doi:10.1617/s11527-012-9981-4
Abstract: A conditioning procedure is proposed allowing to install into the concrete specimens any selected value of water saturation degree with homogeneous moisture distribution. This is achieved within the least time and the minimum alteration of the concrete specimens. The protocol has the following steps: obtaining basic drying data at 50 °C (water absorption capacity and drying curves); unidirectional drying of the specimens at 50 °C until reaching the target saturation degree values; redistribution phase in closed containers at 50 °C (with measurement of the quasi-equilibrium relative humidities); storage into controlled environment chambers until and during mass transport tests, if necessary. A water transport model is used to derive transport parameters of the tested materials from the drying data, i.e., relative permeabilities and apparent water diffusion coefficients. The model also allows calculating moisture profiles during isothermal drying and redistribution phases, thus allowing optimization of the redistribution times for obtaining homogeneous moisture distributions.
Sponsor: We thank the funding received for this research from the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación and Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spain and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) through project BIA2010-20548, and from the Ministerio de Fomento of Spain through project C34/2006.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/38679
ISSN: 1359-5997 (Print) | 1871-6873 (Online)
DOI: 10.1617/s11527-012-9981-4
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © RILEM 2012. The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1617/s11527-012-9981-4
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1617/s11527-012-9981-4
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