Neuroprotective effects of the cannabinoid agonist HU210 on retinal degeneration

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Title: Neuroprotective effects of the cannabinoid agonist HU210 on retinal degeneration
Authors: Lax, Pedro | Esquiva, Gema | Altavilla, Cesare | Cuenca, Nicolás
Research Group/s: Neurobiología del Sistema Visual y Terapia de Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (NEUROVIS)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Fisiología, Genética y Microbiología | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Multidisciplinar para el Estudio del Medio "Ramon Margalef"
Keywords: Neurodegeneration | Retinitis pigmentosa | P23H | Apoptosis | Electroretinography | Immunohistochemistry | Confocal microscopy
Knowledge Area: Fisiología | Biología Celular
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Experimental Eye Research. 2014, 120: 175-185. doi:10.1016/j.exer.2014.01.019
Abstract: Cannabinoids have been demonstrated to exert neuroprotective effects on different types of neuronal insults. Here we have addressed the therapeutic potential of the synthetic cannabinoid HU210 on photoreceptor degeneration, synaptic connectivity and functional activity of the retina in the transgenic P23H rat, an animal model for autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (RP). In P23H rats administered with HU210 (100 μg/kg, i.p.) from P24 to P90, ERG recordings showed an amelioration of vision loss, as compared to vehicle-administered animals. Under scotopic conditions, the maximum a-wave amplitudes recorded at P60 and P90 were higher in HU210-treated animals, as compared to the values obtained in untreated animals. The scotopic b-waves were significantly higher in treated animals than in untreated rats at P30, P60 and P90. This attenuation of visual deterioration correlated with a delay in photoreceptor degeneration and the preservation of retinal cytoarchitecture. HU210-treated animals had 40% more photoreceptors than untreated animals. Presynaptic and postsynaptic elements, as well as the synaptic contacts between photoreceptors and bipolar or horizontal cells, were also preserved in HU210-treated P23H rats. These results indicate that HU210 preserves cone and rod structure and function, together with their contacts with postsynaptic neurons, in P23H rats. These data suggest that cannabinoids are potentially useful to delay retinal degeneration in RP patients.
Sponsor: This research was supported by grants from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (BFU2012-36845-FEDER), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (RETICS RD12/0034/0010), Universidad de Alicante (UA2010-48536273), and the Organización Nacional de Ciegos Españoles (ONCE).
ISSN: 0014-4835 (Print) | 1096-0007 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.exer.2014.01.019
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - NEUROVIS - Artículos de Revistas

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