Analyzing jokes with the Intersecting Circles Model of humorous communication

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Title: Analyzing jokes with the Intersecting Circles Model of humorous communication
Authors: Yus, Francisco
Research Group/s: Inglés Profesional y Académico (IPA)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Filología Inglesa
Keywords: Relevance theory | Jokes | Humorous effects | Incongruity | Humor | Cognitive pragmatics
Knowledge Area: Filología Inglesa
Issue Date: Jun-2013
Publisher: De Gruyter
Citation: Lodz Papers in Pragmatics. 2013, 9(1): 3-24. doi:10.1515/lpp-2013-0002
Abstract: Speakers of jokes are aware of the human cognitively rooted relevance-seeking inferential procedure (Sperber and Wilson 1995) and predict (i.e. metarepresent) the interlocutor’s steps leading to a valid interpretation of the utterance(s) in the joke. Specifically, speakers can predict (a) the accessibility to certain information which builds up a proper scenario for understanding the joke (make-sense frame), (b) the inferential steps taken to turn the words uttered into contextualized meaningful propositions (utterance interpretation), and (c) the awareness of cultural stereotypes regarding professions, nationalities, connoted places, sex roles, etc. (cultural frame). This inferred information (a-c) is exploited to generate humorous effects. In previous research (Yus forthcoming), the Intersecting Circles Model was proposed. It comprises seven types of jokes depending on whether the joke only relies on one of (a-c) or on combinations of them, which entails analyzing the extent to which (a-c) play or do not play a role in the generation of humorous effects. In this paper, 1000 jokes are analyzed and fitted into a type or combinations of (a-c). Several interesting humor-generating patterns are also isolated inside the seven preliminary joke types covered by the Model.
ISSN: 1895-6106 (Print) | 1898-4436 (Online)
DOI: 10.1515/lpp-2013-0002
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: Copyright © 2013 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - IPA - Artículos de Revistas Nacionales e Internacionales
INV - INCOGNITO - Artículos de Revistas

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