Novel Ti/Ta2O5-SnO2 electrodes for water electrolysis and electrocatalytic oxidation of organics

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Title: Novel Ti/Ta2O5-SnO2 electrodes for water electrolysis and electrocatalytic oxidation of organics
Authors: Shestakova, Marina | Bonete Ferrández, Pedro | Gómez, Roberto | Sillanpää, Mika | Tang, Walter Z.
Research Group/s: Grupo de Fotoquímica y Electroquímica de Semiconductores (GFES)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Electroquímica
Keywords: Electrocatalytic oxidation | Mixed metal oxide (MMO) electrodes | Water electrolysis
Knowledge Area: Química Física
Issue Date: 4-Jan-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Electrochimica Acta. 2014, Accepted Manuscript, Available online 4 January 2014. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2013.12.113
Abstract: Mixed metal oxide (MMO) electrodes have been applied to different technologies including chlorine production, organic compounds oxidation, water electrolysis, electroplating, etc. due to their catalytic, optical and electronic properties. Most of the existing MMO electrodes contain either toxic metals or precious metals of the platinum group. The aim of this study was to develop environmentally friendly and cost-effective MMO electrodes for water and organic compounds oxidation. Ti/Ta2O5-SnO2 electrodes of different nominal composition were prepared, and electrochemically and physically characterized. For water oxidation, Ti/SnO2 electrode with 5 at.% of Ta produced the highest electroactivity. Ti/SnO2 electrode with 7.5 at.% of Ta showed the best performance for the oxidation of methylene blue (MB). The electrocatalytic activity of the Ti/Ta2O5-SnO2 electrodes increased with the number of active layers. The maximum current of water oxidation reached 3.5 mA at 2.5 V when the electrode was covered with ten layers of Ta2O5. In case of the oxidation of 0.1 mM MB, eight and ten active layers of Ta2O5 significantly increased the electrode activity. The prepared electrodes have been found applicable for both water electrolysis and organic compounds oxidation.
Sponsor: This work was supported by the Maj and Tor Nessling foundation. We also acknowledge financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through projects PRI-PIBIN-2011-0816 and MAT 2012-37676 (Fondos FEDER) as well as to the Vice presidency of Research of the Universitat d’Alacant.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/34953
ISSN: 0013-4686 | 1873-3859 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2013.12.113
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2013.12.113
Appears in Collections:INV - GFES - Artículos de Revistas

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