“Anaerobic” critical velocity and swimming performance in young swimmers

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/16866
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Title: “Anaerobic” critical velocity and swimming performance in young swimmers
Authors: Marinho, Daniel A. | Amorim, Rui A. | Costa, Aldo M. | Marques, Mário C. | Pérez Turpin, José Antonio | Neiva, Henrique P.
Research Group/s: Grupo de Investigación Interdisciplinar en Docencia Universitaria (GIDU)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Didáctica General y Didácticas Específicas
Keywords: Training | Evaluation | Anaerobic | Swimming
Knowledge Area: Educación Física y Deportiva
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: Universidad de Alicante. Área de Educación Física y Deporte
Citation: MARINHO, Daniel A., et al. “Anaerobic” critical velocity and swimming performance in young swimmers”. Journal of human sport and exercise [en línea]. Vol. 6, No. 1 (March 2011), ISSN 1988-5202, pp. 80-86. http://www.jhse.ua.es/index.php/jhse/article/viewArticle/186 [consulta: 31 marzo 2011]
Abstract: Recent studies explored a new trend of critical velocity as a parameter to evaluate and monitor anaerobic training. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between anaerobic critical velocity and short distances performances in the four swimming techniques, in young swimmers. 12 male and 8 female swimmers (mean ±SD; age 12.10 ± 0.72 years old) performed maximal 10, 15, 20 and 25 m in the four conventional swimming techniques to determine critical velocity from the distance-time relationship. 50, 100 and 200 m individual best performances of the season were used to compare with the critical velocity assessed. The mean ± SD values of anaerobic critical velocity (m.s-1) were 1.10 ± 0.22, 1.07 ± 0.10, 0.89 ± 0.16 and 1.27 ± 0.16, for butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and front crawl, respectively. Anaerobic critical velocity was correlated with the 50 and 100 m swimming event velocities in backstroke (r = 0.85; r = 0.86), breaststroke (r = 0.92; r = 0.90) and front crawl (r = 0.85; r = 0.91). Considering the 200 m swimming performance, relationships were found in front crawl (r = 0.90) and in breaststroke (r = 0.89). Differences (p<0.05) between anaerobic critical velocity and swimming performance were observed in all swimming techniques for the 50 m and in breaststroke, front crawl and backstroke for the 100m. There were no differences regarding the 200 m swimming performance. These findings suggest that anaerobic critical velocity may be managed as a control parameter and even to prescribe training for young swimmers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/16866
ISSN: 1988-5202
DOI: 10.4100/jhse.2011.61.09
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2011.61.09
Appears in Collections:Revistas - Journal of Human Sport and Exercise - 2011, Vol. 6, No. 1
INV - GIDU - Artículos de Revistas
INV - GICAFD - Artículos de Revistas

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