Membrane properties of an unusual intrinsically oscillating, wide-field teleost retinal amacrine cell

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Title: Membrane properties of an unusual intrinsically oscillating, wide-field teleost retinal amacrine cell
Authors: Solessio, Eduardo | Vigh, Jozsef | Cuenca, Nicolás | Rapp, Kevin | Lasater, Eric M.
Research Group/s: Neurobiología del Sistema Visual y Terapia de Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (NEUROVIS)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Fisiología, Genética y Microbiología
Keywords: Retina | Amacrine cell | Membrane properties
Knowledge Area: Oftalmología | Fisiología
Issue Date: 6-Sep-2002
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell | The Physiological Society
Citation: SOLESSIO, Eduardo, et al. "Membrane properties of an unusual intrinsically oscillating, wide-field teleost retinal amacrine cell". The Journal of Physiology. Vol. 544 (1 Nov. 2002). ISSN 0022-3751, pp. 831-847
Abstract: In the retina, amacrine cells modulate the transfer of information from bipolar to ganglion cells. The nature of the modulation depends on the synaptic input and the membrane properties of the cells. In the retina of white bass, we identified a class of bistratified, wide-field amacrine cell characterized by immunopositive labelling for GABA and calmodulin. In isolation, the cells presented resting membrane potentials averaging -69 mV although some cells settled at more depolarized values (-30 mV). Injection of depolarizing current pulses induced oscillatory membrane responses. When elicited from depolarized cells, the oscillations were short-lived (< 40 ms). For the most part, the oscillatory potentials of hyperpolarized cells remained unattenuated throughout the depolarizing pulse. The frequency of the oscillations increased logarithmically with mean membrane potential, ranging from 74 to 140 Hz. Cells exhibiting depolarized membrane potentials oscillated at twice that rate. When the membrane potential of these cells was hyperpolarized to -70 mV, the oscillations became unattenuated and slowed. We found the cells expressed voltage-gated sodium, potassium and calcium currents and calcium-dependent potassium currents. We demonstrate that the oscillatory potentials arose as a result of the interplay between calcium and potassium currents. The cells responded to local application of GABA and glycine, both of which modulate the oscillatory potentials. Glutamate and its analogues depolarized the cell and induced oscillatory potentials. Our results indicate that oscillatory responses of a type of wide-field amacrine cell are an intrinsic feature of the cell and not due to circuit properties.
Sponsor: This work was supported by an NIH grant, EY05972 (E.M.L.) from the National Eye Institute and an unrestricted grant to the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Utah from Research to Prevent Blindness, Inc. (RPB). E.M.L. is an RPB Lew R. Wasserman Merit award recipient and J.V. is the recipient of a US–Hungarian Science and Technology Joint Fund travel grant.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/16783
ISSN: 0022-3751 (Print) | 1469-7793 (Online)
DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2002.021899
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2002.021899
Appears in Collections:INV - NEUROVIS - Artículos de Revistas

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