The neurons of the ground squirrel retina as revealed by immunostains for calcium binding proteins and neurotransmitters

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dc.contributorNeurobiología del Sistema Visual y Terapia de Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (NEUROVIS)en
dc.contributor.authorCuenca, Nicolás-
dc.contributor.authorDeng, Ping-
dc.contributor.authorLinberg, Ken A.-
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Geoffrey P.-
dc.contributor.authorFisher, Steven K.-
dc.contributor.authorKolb, Helga-
dc.contributor.otherUniversidad de Alicante. Departamento de Fisiología, Genética y Microbiologíaen
dc.identifier.citationCUENCA NAVARRO, Nicolás, et al. "The neurons of the ground squirrel retina as revealed by immunostains for calcium binding proteins and neurotransmitters". Journal of Neurocytology. Vol. 31, No. 8-9 (2002). ISSN 0300-4864, pp. 649-666en
dc.identifier.issn0300-4864 (Print)-
dc.identifier.issn1573-7381 (Online)-
dc.description.abstractGround squirrel retinas were immunostained with antibodies against calcium binding proteins (CBPs) and classical neurotransmitters in order to describe neuronal phenotypes in a diurnal mammalian retina and to then compare these neurons with those of more commonly studied nocturnal retinas like cats' and rabbits'. Double immunostained tissue was examined by confocal microscopy using antibodies against the following: rhodopsin and the CBPs, calbindin, calretinin, parvalbumin, calmodulin and recoverin (CB, CR, PV, CM, RV), glycine, GABA, choline acetyltransferase (CHAT) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TOH). In ground squirrel retina, the traditional cholinergic mirror symmetric amacrine cells colocalize CHAT with PV and GABA and faintly with glycine. A second cholinergic amacrine cell type colocalizes glycine alone. CR is found in at least 3 different amacrine cell types. The CR-immunoreactive (IR) cell population is a mixture of glycinergic and GABAergic types. The dopamine cell type IR to tyrosine hydroxylase has the typical morphology of a wide field cell with dendrites in S1 but the ldquoringsrdquo seen in cat or rabbit retina are not as numerous. TOH-IR amacrine cells send large club-shaped processes to the outer plexiform layer. CB and CR are in bipolar cells, A- and B-type horizontal cells and several amacrine cell types. Anti-rhodopsin labels the low density rod photoreceptor population in this species. Anti-recoverin labels cones and some bipolar cells while PKC is found in several different bipolar cell types. One ganglion cell with dendritic branching in S3 is strongly CR-IR. We find no evidence for an AII amacrine cell in the ground squirrel, with either anti-CR or anti-PV. An amacrine cell with similarity to the DAP1-3 cell of rabbit is CR-IR and glycine-IR. We discuss this labeling pattern in relationship to other mammalian species. The differences in staining patterns and phenotypes revealed suggest a functional diversity in the populations of amacrine cells according to whether the retinas are rod or cone dominated.en
dc.description.sponsorshipSupported by NIH grants EY03323 and Research to Prevent Blindness to H.K., EY 00888 to S.K.F. and Generalitat Valenciana CT1DIB/2002/146 to N.C.en
dc.publisherKluwer Academic Publishersen
dc.rightsThe original publication is available at www.springerlink.comen
dc.subjectGround squirrel retinaen
dc.subjectCalcium binding proteinsen
dc.titleThe neurons of the ground squirrel retina as revealed by immunostains for calcium binding proteins and neurotransmittersen
Appears in Collections:INV - NEUROVIS - Artículos de Revistas

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