Proposing a typology of tourists and lifestyle migrants

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Title: Proposing a typology of tourists and lifestyle migrants
Authors: Huete, Raquel | Mantecón, Alejandro
Research Group/s: Grupo de Investigación en Planificación y Gestión Sostenible del Turismo
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Sociología I | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Investigaciones Turísticas
Keywords: Residential tourism | Lifestyle migration | IRM | Turismo residencial | International mobility | Mediterranean coast
Knowledge Area: Sociología
Date Created: Jan-2010
Issue Date: Jan-2010
Abstract: Some of the main schools of thought that concern themselves with the meaning of postmodernism make reference to the renewed value of tradition and the appearance of new lifestyles around environmentally healthy spaces away from the hustle and bustle of the big cities. To put it in other words, aesthetic values from a more or less real past are evoked and applied in a new social context. A yearning for landscapes and lifestyles difficult to find in their usual environments has grown among the citizens of the most developed European societies. This has contributed to the development of new types of tourism and the increase of residential mobility. In the processes of international retirement migration from northern Europe towards the Mediterranean coast we can recognize new lifestyles related to phenomena that sometimes have to do with tourism and sometimes with migration. The causes and consequences of this have become apparent in different manners in many regions over the world, and have aroused the interest of the international academic community. Host societies require the definition of criteria that would allow them to classify these people either as tourists or immigrants, since the funding and management of their resources depend on it. Over the last decades, the Costa Blanca (province of Alicante, Spain), has become one of the most appealing regions for retired people within the European Union. The onset of this flow dates back to the 1960s, and it started a phenomenon that had been almost non-existent until then. We propose a typology based on a face-to-face in-home survey with a sample of 872 European citizens in the Alicante province. The fact of being registered with their local council, and whether they own or rent the property they occupy turn out to be the explanatory variables of the relationship between long-stay tourism and lifestyle migration. Our research has resulted in a typology made up of four categories: “permanent residents”, “temporary residents”, “second home owners” and “tourists”. This typology has analytical value but its main purpose is to become a useful tool.
Description: Presentación realizada para International Workshop “Theorizing Lifestyle Migration”, Conceptual approaches for the study of leisure-oriented movements and residential tourism, Madrid, 28-29 enero 2010.
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
Peer Review: si
Appears in Collections:INV - PGST - Comunicaciones a Congresos, Conferencias, etc.
INV - PIIPSC - Comunicaciones a Congresos, Conferencias, etc.

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