Brachiopods from the Albian–Cenomanian transition (Cretaceous) of the Eastern Prebetic (South-Iberian paleomargin)

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Title: Brachiopods from the Albian–Cenomanian transition (Cretaceous) of the Eastern Prebetic (South-Iberian paleomargin)
Authors: Baeza Carratalá, José Francisco | Berrocal-Casero, Mélani | García Joral, Fernando
Research Group/s: Cambios Paleoambientales
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio Ambiente
Keywords: Cretaceous | Western Tethys | Cyclothyris | Sellithyris | Psilothyris | Biostratigraphy | Systematics
Issue Date: 31-May-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Cretaceous Research. 2023, 150: 105583.
Abstract: Brachiopod communities in the Albian–Cenomanian transition from the Eastern Betic Ranges were previously accredited and frequently considered as biochronostratigraphical tools to dating the hemipelagic successions of this timespan by correlation with other neighboring Tethyan basins. However, the knowledge of these mid-Cretaceous assemblages in this part of the South-Iberian paleomargin remained poorly understood so far. Brachiopod communities of this timespan are commonly dominated by homeomorphic terebratulides and asymmetrical multicostate rhynchonellides, these later recurrently attributed to Cyclothyris difformis due to the strong external similarity with their NW-European counterparts, and consequently, the Prebetic deposits were customarily assigned to the Cenomanian stage. In this work, the detailed analysis of the assemblages from the taxonomic and biostratigraphical standpoints allows for the identification of a new brachiopod fauna endemic to the Eastern Prebetic Domain, inhabiting platform environments with frequent terrigenous inputs in transition to the more offshore areas. This analysis has led to the formal description of two new species, Cyclothyris bitririca and Sellithyris binalubensis, together with Cyclothyris ementitum, recently erected as new species, plus Psilothyris hispanica, both endemic to the Prebetic area as well. The successive faunal replacement between two defined assemblages enclosing this fauna is a useful regional biomarker around the Albian–Cenomanian boundary. The bioevents typifying this turnover consist of a rhynchonellide taxa short-term replacement and the burst on diversity and abundance of smooth, nearly homomorphic terebratulides for the levels just underlying the base of the Cenomanian stage.
Sponsor: This research has been partially financed by a Grant for young researchers to MB-C from the Spanish Society of Palaeontology 2021 (AJISEP-2021-XXXX1), and it is a contribution to the Research groups Procesos Bióticos Mesozoicos from the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), PaleoIbérica from the University of Alcalá (UAH), VIGROB-167 (University of Alicante), and to the IGCP-710 Western Tethys meets Eastern Tethys.
ISSN: 0195-6671 (Print) | 1095-998X (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.cretres.2023.105583
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - CP - Artículos de Revistas

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