Carbon-related matrix effects in inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry

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Title: Carbon-related matrix effects in inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry
Authors: Grindlay, Guillermo | Gras, Luis | Mora, Juan | Loos-Vollebregt, Margaretha T.C. de
Research Group/s: Espectrometría Atómica Analítica
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Analítica, Nutrición y Bromatología
Keywords: Carbon | Matrix effects | ICP-AES | As | Se
Knowledge Area: Química Analítica
Issue Date: 23-Nov-2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: GRINDLAY LLEDÓ, Guillermo, et al. “Carbon-related matrix effects in inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry”. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy. Vol. 63, Issue 2 (Febr. 2008). ISSN 0584-8547, pp. 234-243
Abstract: In Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), it has been observed that the emission intensity of some atomic lines is enhanced or depressed by the presence of carbon in the matrix. The goal of this work was to investigate the origin and magnitude of the carbon-related matrix effects in ICP-AES. To this end, the influence of the carbon concentration and source (i.e. glycerol, citric acid and potassium hydrogen phthalate), the experimental conditions and sample introduction system on the aerosol characteristics and transport, plasma excitation conditions and the emission intensity of several atomic and ionic lines of a total of 15 elements has been studied. Results indicate that carbon related matrix effects do not depend on the carbon source and they become more severe when the amount of carbon loaded into the plasma increases, i.e., when using: (i) carbon concentrations higher than 5 g L−1; (ii) high sample uptake rates; and (iii) efficient sample introduction systems. Thus, when introducing carbon into the plasma, the emission intensity of atomic lines with excitation energies below 6 eV is depressed (up to 15%) whereas the emission intensity of atomic lines of higher excitation energies (i.e. As and Se) are enhanced (up to 30%). The emission intensity of the ionic lines is not affected by the presence of carbon. The origin of the carbon-related interferences on the emission intensity of atomic lines is related to changes in the line excitation mechanism since the carbon containing solutions show the same aerosol characteristics and transport efficiencies as the corresponding aqueous solutions. Based on the previous findings, a calibration approach for the accurate determination of Se in a Se-enriched yeast certified material (SELM-1) has been proposed.
ISSN: 0584-8547 (Print) | 1873-3565 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2007.11.024
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - GEAA - Artículos de Revistas

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