An Overview of the Fake News Phenomenon: From Untruth‐Driven to Post‐Truth‐Driven Approaches

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Title: An Overview of the Fake News Phenomenon: From Untruth‐Driven to Post‐Truth‐Driven Approaches
Authors: Rodríguez-Ferrándiz, Raúl
Research Group/s: Industrias Culturales Hoy: Producción, Difusión, Gestión y Consumo de Productos Culturales en la Era de la Información (IICCXXI)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Comunicación y Psicología Social
Keywords: Bibliometrics | Disinformation | Fakeness | Fake news | Lexicography | News‐ness | Partisanship | Post‐truth | Public perception | Shareworthiness
Issue Date: 3-Apr-2023
Publisher: Cogitatio
Citation: Media and Communication. 2023, 11(2): 15-29.
Abstract: “Fake news” was chosen in 2017 as the word of the year by the Collins Dictionary and the American Dialect Society, due to its extraordinary popularity. However, its relevance has been called into question due to its controversy and ambiguity. We have compiled herein 30 definitions from selected dictionaries, academic papers, news agencies, influential media observatories, and independent, certified fact‐checkers over the last six years and have carried out a manual relational content analysis on them. We also collected data from four bibliometric studies from academic literature and five surveys on how the general public perceived fake news. In keeping with this three‐level systematic review (lexicography, bibliometrics, and public perception) we detected some trends, including a growing drift towards a post‐truth‐driven conceptualization of fake news. Results also show that the “viral” and “memetic” quality of a rumor prevail over the demonstrable credibility of a source and even the factuality of a reported event; the element of surprise or outrage in the heat of the moment is more powerful than the ironic detachment elicited by news satire and parody; and sharing motivations are definitely less concerned with perceived accuracy than with partisan support, community sentiment, emotional contagion, and a taste for the sensational or bizarre.
Sponsor: This research is part of the project TRIVIAL: Technological Resources for Intelligent VIral AnaLysis through NLP (PID2021‐122263OB‐C22) funded by Spain’s Ministry of Science and Innovation MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033/ and by the European Union Next GenerationEU/PRTR.
ISSN: 2183-2439
DOI: 10.17645/mac.v11i2.6315
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2023 by the author(s); licensee Cogitatio (Lisbon, Portugal). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY).
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - IICCXXI - Artículos de Revistas

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