Bullying and Cyberbullying Victimization and Associated Factors among Adolescents in Six European Countries

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/129895
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Title: Bullying and Cyberbullying Victimization and Associated Factors among Adolescents in Six European Countries
Authors: Jaskulska, Sylwia | Jankowiak, Barbara | Pérez-Martínez, Vanesa | Pyżalski, Jacek | Sanz-Barbero, Belen | Bowes, Nicola | De Claire, Karen | Neves, Sofia | Topa, Joana | Silva, Estefânia | Mocanu, Veronica | Dascalu, Cristina Gena | Vives-Cases, Carmen
Research Group/s: Salud Pública | Investigación en Género (IG)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Bullying | Cyberbullying | Adolescents | Abuse in childhood | Dating violence | Social support | Self-esteem
Issue Date: 28-Oct-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Jaskulska S, Jankowiak B, Pérez-Martínez V, Pyżalski J, Sanz-Barbero B, Bowes N, Claire KD, Neves S, Topa J, Silva E, Mocanu V, Gena Dascalu C, Vives-Cases C. Bullying and Cyberbullying Victimization and Associated Factors among Adolescents in Six European Countries. Sustainability. 2022; 14(21):14063. https://doi.org/10.3390/su142114063
Abstract: Bullying and cyberbullying victimization are significant factors that threaten adolescent development and mental health. Our study aimed to analyze how socioeconomic characteristics and personal experiences of violence are associated with adolescents’ experiences of bullying and cyberbullying victimization. The study participants were 1146 students, 698 females and 448 males, aged between 13 and 16 years old, from secondary schools in Spain, Italy, Romania, Portugal, Poland and the UK. Data was collected through an online questionnaire. Prevalence ratios (PR) were calculated using Poisson regression with robust variance. In total, 37.2% of girls and 35.0% of boys reported being victims of bullying and or cyberbullying. The likelihood of bullying and or cyberbullying victimization was higher when adolescents had experienced physical and or sexual abuse before the age of 15, had witnessed domestic violence against their mother or had been victims of intimate partner violence. Perceived social support from teachers and classmates and higher self-esteem were associated with a lower likelihood of becoming a victim of bullying and or cyberbullying, but an association between experience of any other form of violence and the greater possibility of becoming a victim of bullying and or cyberbullying persisted even when self-esteem and social support were included in the model. Protecting adolescents from bullying and or cyberbullying means preventing all exposure to violent experiences in childhood and adolescence. Not having such experiences seems to be the most relevant protective factor.
Sponsor: The project “Lights, Camera and Action against Dating Violence” (Ligts4Violence) was funded by the European Commission Directorate-General Justice and Consumers Rights, Equality and Citizen Violence Against Women Program 2016 for the period 2017–2019 to promote healthy dating relationship assets among secondary school students from different European countries, under grant agreement No. 776905. It was also co-supported by the CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health of Spain for its aid to the Gender-based Violence and Youth Research Program.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/129895
ISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su142114063
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/su142114063
Appears in Collections:INV - EQUIDIVERSIDAD - Artículos de Revistas
INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas

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