Comparison between emissions from the pyrolysis and combustion of different wastes

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Title: Comparison between emissions from the pyrolysis and combustion of different wastes
Authors: Conesa, Juan A. | Font, Rafael | Fullana, Andres | Martin-Gullon, Ignacio | Aracil, Ignacio | Gálvez Moreno, Araceli | Moltó Berenguer, Julia | Gómez-Rico, María Francisca
Research Group/s: Residuos, Pirólisis y Combustión
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Qúímica
Keywords: Wastes | Pyrolysis | Combustion | PCDD/Fs | PAHs
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería Química
Date Created: 30-Jan-2008
Issue Date: 27-Nov-2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: CONESA FERRER, Juan Antonio, et al. "Comparison between emissions from the pyrolysis and combustion of different wastes". Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. Vol. 84, Issue 1 (Jan. 2009). ISSN 0165-2370, pp. 95-102
Abstract: A comparison between different emission rates of various pollutants obtained from various wastes is presented. The studied wastes were the following: polyethylene (PE), tyres, sewage sludges, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), cotton textiles, polyester textiles, meat and bone meals (MBMs), varnish wastes, olive oil solid waste (pomace), waste lube oils and paper waste. The decomposition of these wastes was studied in a horizontal laboratory scale reactor under fuel-rich conditions, and the analysis of the pollutants evolved comprised several compounds such as light hydrocarbons, polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). From the studied wastes, a general behaviour was deduced regarding the evolution of semi-volatile compounds with the increase of temperature, both in pyrolysis and combustion. The results showed that the emissions of some compounds decreased with increasing oxygen ratio. Compounds with this behaviour were mainly volatile hydrocarbons, which were consumed in presence of oxygen. In addition, compounds with oxidized structure were present a maximum with oxygen ratio. Intermediate compounds with very high resistance to the oxygen under the working conditions increased continuously in concentration when the oxygen ratio increased. With reference to behaviour versus temperature there were compounds whose yields decreased with increasing temperature, such as volatile hydrocarbons and semi-volatile compounds. Also some pollutants are promoted at intermediate temperatures, e.g. light hydrocarbons, semi-volatile compounds, many monoaromatic compounds and many polyaromatic hydrocarbons.
Sponsor: Financial support from Generalitat Valenciana (Spain) project GV06/069, and the Spanish MCT research project CTQ2005-05262/PPQ.
ISSN: 0165-2370
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2008.11.022
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
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