Moderate pine cover maximizes 10-year survival and growth in late-successional species of contrasting functional strategies

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/121817
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dc.contributorGestión de Ecosistemas y de la Biodiversidad (GEB)es_ES
dc.contributor.authorMorcillo Juliá, Luna-
dc.contributor.authorTurrión, Diana-
dc.contributor.authorSoliveres, Santiago-
dc.contributor.authorChirino Miranda, Esteban-
dc.contributor.authorVallejo, V. Ramon-
dc.contributor.authorVilagrosa, Alberto-
dc.contributor.otherUniversidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ecologíaes_ES
dc.contributor.otherCEAM (Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo)es_ES
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-24T10:42:08Z-
dc.date.available2022-02-24T10:42:08Z-
dc.date.issued2022-02-12-
dc.identifier.citationForest Ecology and Management. 2022, 509: 120098. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2022.120098es_ES
dc.identifier.issn0378-1127 (Print)-
dc.identifier.issn1872-7042 (Online)-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10045/121817-
dc.description.abstractMonospecific pine forests are widespread due to extensive afforestation efforts and natural colonization of abandoned croplands in the Mediterranean Basin. It was originally thought that pines would facilitate the natural colonization of native late-successional resprouter species (e.g., hardwoods), but these species can be compromised if competition with pines outweighs their facilitative effect on these hardwood species. Managing the density or canopy cover of these widespread pine forests can potentially provide some “optimum” balance between facilitation and competition to maximize success in the introduction of late successional species while maintaining a tree stratum. We tested the response (survival and growth across 10 years) of six resprouter species covering a wide range of plant functional strategies, from drought-tolerant sclerophyllous shrubs and trees to malacophyllous drought-sensitive trees, across an experimental gradient of Aleppo pine canopy cover. Seedling performance varied according to the functional strategy, pine cover and time. High pine cover generally enhanced seedling survival, whereas moderate pine cover generally enhanced seedling growth, although this response was modulated by the functional strategy of the seedling species. Interactions between pines and seedlings were only detectable 2–3 years after plantation, increasing in intensity with time. The latter highlights the need of medium to long-term studies to evaluate plant-plant interactions in these water-limited environments with slow successional trajectories. Our results could be attributed to the shade tolerance of most of the introduced trees, combined with their low tolerance to the combination of high sunlight radiation and drought. We found an optimal pine cover of ca. 50% (equivalent to 300–400 trees/ha) in which both survival and growth of late successional species can be maximized, which help to select best locations for more efficient reforestation programs and set a threshold value to decide whether or not to perform tree thinning to enhance ecosystem diversity and, subsequently, resilience.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe study was funded by the FUME (EU FP7-Environment, GA. 243888), SURVIVE-2 (CGL2015-69773-C2-2-P MINECO/FEDER) and INERTIA (PID2019-111332RB-C22) projects, from the Spanish Government and IMAGINA project (PROMETEU/2019/110) from Generalitat Valenciana. L.M. was supported by the Spanish MICINN (PTA2019-018094). S.S. was supported by the Ramón y Cajal fellowship (RYC-2016-20604) and the FOBIASS project (RTI2018-098895-A-100), both from the Ministry of Science and Innovation. CEAM foundation is funded by Generalitat Valenciana.es_ES
dc.languageenges_ES
dc.publisherElsevieres_ES
dc.rights© 2022 Elsevier B.V.es_ES
dc.subjectMediterranean forestses_ES
dc.subjectNurse plantes_ES
dc.subjectPlant-plant interactionses_ES
dc.subjectResiliencees_ES
dc.subjectRestorationes_ES
dc.subjectShade-tolerancees_ES
dc.subjectAcer granatensees_ES
dc.subjectArbutus unedoes_ES
dc.subjectFraxinus ornuses_ES
dc.subjectQuercus ilexes_ES
dc.subjectQuercus fagineaes_ES
dc.subjectRhamnus alaternuses_ES
dc.subject.otherEcologíaes_ES
dc.titleModerate pine cover maximizes 10-year survival and growth in late-successional species of contrasting functional strategieses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.peerreviewedsies_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.foreco.2022.120098-
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2022.120098es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesses_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/243888es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//CGL2015-69773-C2-2-Pes_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/PID2019-111332RB-C22es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/PTA2019-018094es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//RYC-2016-20604es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/RTI2018-098895-A-I00es_ES
Appears in Collections:Research funded by the EU
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