Offshore aquaculture as climate change adaptation in coastal areas: sea surface temperature trends in the Western Mediterranean Sea

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Title: Offshore aquaculture as climate change adaptation in coastal areas: sea surface temperature trends in the Western Mediterranean Sea
Authors: López Mengual, Irene | Sanchez-Jerez, Pablo | Ballester-Berman, J. David
Research Group/s: Biología Marina | Señales, Sistemas y Telecomunicación
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias del Mar y Biología Aplicada | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Física, Ingeniería de Sistemas y Teoría de la Señal | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Investigación Informática
Keywords: Climate change | Marine aquaculture | Offshore aquaculture | Marine spatial planning
Knowledge Area: Zoología | Teoría de la Señal y Comunicaciones
Issue Date: 16-Dec-2021
Publisher: Inter-Research
Citation: Aquaculture Environment Interactions. 2021, 13: 515-526.
Abstract: The warming of the Mediterranean Sea surface is currently estimated to have been 0.4°C per decade for the period 1985-2006, and the increase in water temperature may have negatively affected marine aquaculture, e.g. by decreasing productivity. Development of aquaculture without adequate planning can lead to unsustainable economic feasibility due to future climate stressors. In this sense, offshore mariculture could be an alternative for mitigating the effect of coastal warming. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the suitability of the coastline in terms of global warming and sea surface temperature trends in locations where fish aquaculture is currently being developed, as well as the spatial changes of thermal anomalies up to 30 km from the coast, during the last 31 yr in the western Mediterranean (Spanish coast). This study was conducted using EU Copernicus Marine Service Information, covering the period 1981-2018, with a spatial resolution of 4 × 4 km. The results show that, over the last decade, the Mediterranean coastal environment off the Iberian Peninsula has experienced an increase in temperature of around 1ºC due to global change, with a clear latitudinal pattern modified by mesoscale oceanographic processes. The development of offshore aquaculture at some latitudes mitigates the extreme aestival effects on surface water temperatures. Strategic plans for aquaculture development should be able to forecast and incorporate future climate projections and local oceanographic conditions, and offshore aquaculture may provide an alternative in some regions, depending on local oceanographic conditions.
ISSN: 1869-215X (Print) | 1869-7534 (Online)
DOI: 10.3354/aei00420
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © The authors 2021. Open Access under Creative Commons by Attribution Licence. Use, distribution and reproduction are unrestricted. Authors and original publication must be credited.
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - SST - Artículos de Revistas
INV - BM - Artículos Científicos / Scientific Papers

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