The Role of BMI, Body Fat Mass and Visceral Fat in Executive Function in Individuals with Overweight and Obesity

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Title: The Role of BMI, Body Fat Mass and Visceral Fat in Executive Function in Individuals with Overweight and Obesity
Authors: Sanchez-SanSegundo, Miriam | Zaragoza Martí, Ana | Martín Llaguno, Iciar | Berbegal, Marina | Ferrer-Cascales, Rosario | Hurtado Sánchez, José Antonio
Research Group/s: Psicología Aplicada a la Salud y Comportamiento Humano (PSYBHE) | Informática Industrial y Redes de Computadores | COSOCO (Comunicación y Sociedad del Conocimiento) | Grupo de Investigación en Alimentación y Nutrición (ALINUT)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Psicología de la Salud | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Analítica, Nutrición y Bromatología
Keywords: Overweight | Obesity | Executive function | Adiposity
Knowledge Area: Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico | Enfermería | Nutrición y Bromatología
Issue Date: 30-Jun-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Sánchez-SanSegundo M, Zaragoza-Martí A, Martin-LLaguno I, Berbegal M, Ferrer-Cascales R, Hurtado-Sánchez JA. The Role of BMI, Body Fat Mass and Visceral Fat in Executive Function in Individuals with Overweight and Obesity. Nutrients. 2021; 13(7):2259.
Abstract: Evidence accumulated to date suggests that excess weight in the adult population is associated with a wide range of impairments in executive function. However, most studies have only examined the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the cognitive function of individuals with overweight and obesity. This study examined the potential associations of markers of adiposity (BMI, body fat, and visceral fat) with five domains of executive function including cognitive flexibility, inhibition, monitoring, planning, and working memory in a sample of 87 adult with overweight (n = 34) and obesity (n = 53). The results show that obese people had poorer working memory than those with overweight. After controlling for educational levels and physical activity, the results suggest that neither the waist–hip index not visceral fat were associated with cognitive function. In overweight, body fat was negatively associated with executive components of inhibition (p = 0.05) and monitoring (p = 0.02). In the obesity subgroup, body fat was negatively associated with inhibition (0.02) and working memory (0.04). The results provide evidence of the importance of adiposity for cognitive function. The implications for understanding the influence of markers of adiposity in adults with overweight and obesity are discussed.
Sponsor: This work was partially funded by the Spanish Government TIN2017-89069-R grant supported with Feder funds.
ISSN: 2072-6643
DOI: 10.3390/nu13072259
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - PSYBHE - Artículos de Revistas
INV - I2RC - Artículos de Revistas
INV - COSOCO - Artículos de Revistas
INV - ALINUT - Artículos de Revistas

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