Effects of the Mediterranean Lifestyle During the COVID-19 Lockdown in Spain: Preliminary Study

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Title: Effects of the Mediterranean Lifestyle During the COVID-19 Lockdown in Spain: Preliminary Study
Authors: Zaragoza Martí, Ana | Sanchez-SanSegundo, Miriam | Ferrer-Cascales, Rosario | Gabaldón Bravo, Eva María | Laguna-Pérez, Ana | Rumbo-Rodríguez, Lorena
Research Group/s: Psicología Aplicada a la Salud y Comportamiento Humano (PSYBHE) | Informática Industrial y Redes de Computadores | Enfermería y Cultura de los Cuidados (EYCC) | Salud Pública
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Psicología de la Salud
Keywords: COVID-19 | Mediterranean diet | Confinement | Nutritional status | Older
Knowledge Area: Enfermería | Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico
Issue Date: 18-Jun-2021
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Citation: Zaragoza-Martí A, Sánchez-SanSegundo M, Ferrer-Cascales R, Gabaldón-Bravo EM, Laguna-Pérez A and Rumbo-Rodríguez L (2021) Effects of the Mediterranean Lifestyle During the COVID-19 Lockdown in Spain: Preliminary Study. Front. Nutr. 8:683261. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2021.683261
Abstract: We aim to assess the beneficial effects of the Mediterranean style-diet before and after the period of confinement due to COVID-19 in a sample of 51 older patients who were part of a clinical trial of the Instituto de Investigación sanitaria y Biomédica de Alicante (ISABIAL, CEIM). Participants were randomly assigned to two conditions: experimental vs. a control group. A pre-test survey assessment was conducted before confinement, while a post-test survey was conducted after the confinement period. Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and nutritional status were evaluated through self-reported questionnaires. Individuals who initiated the Mediterranean Diet intervention program before confinement increased 3.5% their level of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and maintained their nutritional status after the confinement. In the case of BMI, there no were statistically significant differences between groups before and after confinement. These results suggest that adherence to the Mediterranean Diet may play an important role in the establishment of appropriate dietary guidelines in confinement situations such as the COVID-19.
Sponsor: This research was funded by the Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de Alicante (ISABIAL) (CEIm: PI2019/057).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/115838
ISSN: 2296-861X
DOI: 10.3389/fnut.2021.683261
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2021 Zaragoza-Martí, Sánchez-SanSegundo, Ferrer-Cascales, Gabaldón-Bravo, Laguna-Pérez and Rumbo-Rodríguez. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2021.683261
Appears in Collections:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - I2RC - Artículos de Revistas
INV - EYCC - Artículos de Revistas
INV - PSYBHE - Artículos de Revistas

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