Compliance with Dietary Recommendations and Sociodemographic Factors in a Cross-Sectional Study of Natives and Immigrants in Spain

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Title: Compliance with Dietary Recommendations and Sociodemographic Factors in a Cross-Sectional Study of Natives and Immigrants in Spain
Authors: Benazizi, Ikram | Martínez Martínez, José Miguel | Ortiz-Moncada, Rocío | Ferrer Serret, Laia | Krasnik, Allan | Ronda-Pérez, Elena
Research Group/s: Salud Pública | Grupo de Investigación en Alimentación y Nutrición (ALINUT)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Food consumption | Mediterranean diet | Sociodemographic factors | Immigrants | Spain
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Issue Date: 8-Jun-2021
Publisher: Springer Nature
Citation: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-021-01226-3
Abstract: To analyze compliance with dietary recommendations (DR) based on the Mediterranean Diet among natives and immigrants in Spain. A cross-sectional study was carried out using the Platform of Longitudinal Studies of Immigrant Families comparing immigrant workers from Colombia, Ecuador and Morocco with Spanish workers. Adjusted odds ratios (ORa) of sufficient compliance with DR were obtained by sociodemographic variables. We also obtained the adjusted difference in means (DMa) for foods for which there was compliance with DR. Moroccans had greater compliance for meat (ORa = 7.22), eggs (ORa = 5.03) and cured-meats (ORa = 89.78). Ecuadorians for sweets (ORa = 4.03) and Spaniards for natural-juices and dairy-products. Moroccans had the greatest compliance in terms of the number of foods (DMa = 1.53), while Colombians had the least (DMa = − 0.95). Men (DMa = − 0.98), those with primary or incomplete primary education (DMa = − 0.83) and single-parent families (DMa = − 0.58) showed lower compliance. Compliance with DR was low among both Spaniards and immigrants, despite differences in levels of compliance, especially between Moroccans and Colombians.
Sponsor: This work was supported by the Instituto de Salud Carlos III [PI14/00146] (Co-funded by European Regional Development Fund/European Social Fund "Investing in your future").
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/115645
ISSN: 1557-1912 (Print) | 1557-1920 (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/s10903-021-01226-3
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2021
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-021-01226-3
Appears in Collections:INV - ALINUT - Artículos de Revistas
INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas

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