Seroprevalence Study and Cross-Sectional Survey on COVID-19 for a Plan to Reopen the University of Alicante (Spain)

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Title: Seroprevalence Study and Cross-Sectional Survey on COVID-19 for a Plan to Reopen the University of Alicante (Spain)
Authors: Tuells, José | Egoavil, Cecilia | Pena Pardo, María Angeles | Montagud, Ana C. | Montagud Penadés, Emilia | Caballero, Pablo | Zapater, Pedro | Puig Barberá, Joan | Hurtado Sánchez, José Antonio
Research Group/s: Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia | Grupo de Investigación en Alimentación y Nutrición (ALINUT) | Psicología Aplicada a la Salud y Comportamiento Humano (PSYBHE)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2 | COVID-19 | Epidemiology | Serological assay | Cross-sectional study | Higher education institutions | Universities | Undergraduates
Knowledge Area: Enfermería
Issue Date: 16-Feb-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Tuells J, Egoavil CM, Pena Pardo MA, Montagud AC, Montagud E, Caballero P, Zapater P, Puig-Barberá J, Hurtado-Sanchez JA. Seroprevalence Study and Cross-Sectional Survey on COVID-19 for a Plan to Reopen the University of Alicante (Spain). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1908. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041908
Abstract: The implementation of strategies to mitigate possible cases of COVID-19 were addressed at the University of Alicante for the safe reopening of the 2020/2021 academic year. To discover the prevalence of immunity against SARS-CoV-2, a study was designed using a rapid immunoassay test (carried out between 6 and 22 July 2020), and in addition a cross-sectional survey was conducted on risk factors, symptoms, predisposition for becoming vaccinated, and sources of information about COVID-19. A random sample, stratified by students, faculty, and administrative staff, was selected. The seroprevalence found was 2.64% (39/1479; 95% CI 1.8–3.4), and the adjusted seroprevalence was 2.89% (95% CI 2.1–3.7). The average age of the students was 23.2 years old, and 47.6 years old for staff. In relation to COVID-19, the following was found: 17.7% pauci-symptomatic, 1.3% symptomatic, 5.5% contact with cases, 4.9% confined, and 0.3% PCR positive. More than 90% complied with preventive measures. The proportion willing to receive the COVID-19 vaccine was 91%. Their sources of information were the Internet (74%) and television (70.1%). They requested that the university offer information (45.1%), training (27%), and provide Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) (26.3%). Lastly, 87.9% would repeat the test. A plan was established that included the follow-up of cases and contacts, random sample testing, training courses, bimodal teaching, a specific website, and the distribution of PPE.
Sponsor: This research was funded by a grant from the University of Alicante, announced in the BOUA 1 April 2020 “Urgent call of the University of Alicante against COVID-19” and resolved on 21 April 2020 (€ 10,750).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/112977
ISSN: 1661-7827 (Print) | 1660-4601 (Online)
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18041908
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041908
Appears in Collections:INV - SALUD - Artículos de Revistas
INV - ALINUT - Artículos de Revistas
INV - PSYBHE - Artículos de Revistas

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