Average Force of Deployment and Maximum Arrest Force of Energy Absorbers Lanyards

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Title: Average Force of Deployment and Maximum Arrest Force of Energy Absorbers Lanyards
Authors: Carrión Jackson, Elena | Saez, Pedro Ignacio | Pomares Torres, Juan Carlos | González Sánchez, Antonio
Research Group/s: Grupo de Ensayo, Simulación y Modelización de Estructuras (GRESMES)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil
Keywords: Energy absorber lanyard | Fall arrest systems | Dynamic performance test | Arrest force
Knowledge Area: Mecánica de Medios Continuos y Teoría de Estructuras
Issue Date: 20-Oct-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Carrión EÁ, Saez PI, Pomares JC, Gonzalez A. Average Force of Deployment and Maximum Arrest Force of Energy Absorbers Lanyards. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7647. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207647
Abstract: Energy-absorbing lanyards (EAL) are part of fall arrest systems (FAS), their main mission is to dissipate the energy generated during the fall, ensuring that the arresting force does not cause injury to the user. For the design of FAS as set out in the American standard Z359.6 and the Canadian Z259.16 it is essential to know the deployment force or average arrest force (Fa). Fa is necessary to estimate the elongation that the absorber will suffer during the fall and therefore essential data to calculate the clearance distance. There is a lack of useful experimental data for the design of this personal protective equipment (PPE). This work provides empirical data required for the design of FAS with EAL in accordance with EN 355. This paper covers different types of EAL that are marketed internationally; different empirical data, average and maximum forces, required for improving safety design are researched. Six manufacturers, 10 models, and 2 samples of each model were selected, with total of 20 tests being performed. Dynamic performance tests were carried out, the free fall of a person was simulated using a 100 kg steel ballast from the maximum height allowed by the equipment, obtaining the maximum arrest force (Fm), average deployment force (Fa), and, by calculating the balance of forces, the maximum and average acceleration suffered by the ballast during its arrest. In light of the results, relevant conclusions for user safety are obtained. It is feasible to raise the safety requirements established by the different standards. The Fm can be established below 6 kN in the EAL, and the Fa can be estimated at 87.5% of the Fm. The categorization of the force–time curve in fall arrest with EAL has been obtained. Two EAL purchased on the market exceed the Fm permitted, therefore it is recommended to increase the quality controls of EAL.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/109858
ISSN: 1661-7827 (Print) | 1660-4601 (Online)
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17207647
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207647
Appears in Collections:INV - GRESMES - Artículos de Revistas

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