Urban Stormwater Management, A Tool for Adapting to Climate Change: From Risk to Resource

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Title: Urban Stormwater Management, A Tool for Adapting to Climate Change: From Risk to Resource
Authors: Hernández-Hernández, María | Olcina, Jorge | Morote Seguido, Álvaro Francisco
Research Group/s: Agua y Territorio | Paisajes y Recursos Naturales en España | Clima y Ordenación del Territorio | Grupo de Investigación en Historia y Clima
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Geográfico Regional y Geografía Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Interuniversitario de Geografía
Keywords: Rainwater | Climate change | Resource | Circular economy | Flooding | Drought | Alicante
Knowledge Area: Análisis Geográfico Regional
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Hernández-Hernández M, Olcina J, Morote Á-F. Urban Stormwater Management, A Tool for Adapting to Climate Change: From Risk to Resource. Water. 2020; 12(9):2616. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092616
Abstract: The effects of climate change on rainfall in the Mediterranean region are manifested in an overall decreasing trend, and greater irregularity in annual volumes and the city of Alicante is no exception. In addition, there has also been a spread of the urbanised area, which has led to an increase in the flood risk in urban areas (due to a greater runoff and the occupation of flood hazard areas) and drought events due to an increase in the water demand. In light of these new scenarios, the Mediterranean cities should design adaptation systems based on rainwater harvesting within the framework of a circular economy. This study analyses the integration of rainwater in flood and water demand management in the city of Alicante (Southern Spain). In recent years, this city has developed infrastructures in order to use these resources. To do this, different databases have been analysed (rainfall and volume of water collected in the green infrastructure systems). The results reveal that stormwater has become highly important in urban water management in Alicante as the city is now using a resource that previously went to waste and created problems (flooding and pollution). By way of conclusion, it is worth mentioning that the incorporation of rainwater for urban use in Alicante has reduced the pressure on traditional resources in satisfying water demand and has also acted as a measure for adapting to climate change.
Sponsor: The results presented in this paper are part of the research’s projects “Uses and Management of Non-Conventional Water Resources on the Coast of Valencia and Murcia as an Adaptation Strategy to Drought” funded by the Spanish MINECO under grant number CSO2015-65182-C2-2-P and “Social representations of school content in the development of teaching competencies” funded by the Spanish MINECO under grant number PGC2018-094491-B-C32. In the same way, this work has been funded partially by the Cátedra del Agua of the University of Alicante and the Diputación Provincial de Alicante (https://catedradelaguaua.org/).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/109381
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w12092616
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092616
Appears in Collections:INV - HYC - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Agua y Territorio - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Paisajes y Recursos Naturales en España - Artículos de Revistas
INV - CyOT - Artículos de Revistas

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