Oral Health Status of Children with Autism in Central Italy

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Title: Oral Health Status of Children with Autism in Central Italy
Authors: Bossù, Maurizio | Trottini, Mario | Corridore, Denise | Di Giorgio, Gianni | Sfasciotti, Gian Luca | Palaia, Gaspare | Ottolenghi, Livia | Polimeni, Antonella | Di Carlo, Stefano
Research Group/s: Geodesia por Satélites para la Observación de la Tierra y el Cambio Climático / Satellite Geodesy for Earth Observation and Climate Studies (SG) | Grupo de Investigación en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte (GICAFD)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Matemáticas
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder | Caries prevalence | Oral prevention | Special need patients
Knowledge Area: Estadística e Investigación Operativa
Issue Date: 26-Mar-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Bossù M, Trottini M, Corridore D, Di Giorgio G, Sfasciotti GL, Palaia G, Ottolenghi L, Polimeni A, Di Carlo S. Oral Health Status of Children with Autism in Central Italy. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(7):2247. doi:10.3390/app10072247
Abstract: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have significantly higher prevalence and caries severity compared to the average population. Knowledge about the oral health indices of children with this mental disorder is key to designing efficient plans of intervention. This paper reports the results of a study on the oral health status of children with ASD in central Italy. This is the first study of this type in Italy. The sample consists of 229 autistic children aged between 5 and 14 years, attending the Unit of Special Needs Policlinico Umberto I in Rome. Each patient received an intraoral examination to investigate decayed, missing, and filled teeth as well as periodontal status. Information on demographic attributes, dietary habits, medical history, and child’s cooperativeness at the first visit was also recorded. Of the participants, 79.26% presented signs of gingivitis and about 90% of them had plaque. Caries prevalence was 66.38%. The average of the total number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth in the permanent and primary dentition was 2.91. Among the factors considered, only dietary habits and the periodontal indices showed statistically significant association with caries prevalence and caries severity. Despite the selection bias, that prevents us to interpret the results presented as epidemiological evidence, our study suggests that children with ASD in central Italy represent a population at risk.
Sponsor: The work was supported by the Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Science, Pediatric Dentistry Unit, Policlinico Umberto I, Rome, Italy.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/104847
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app10072247
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/app10072247
Appears in Collections:INV - SG - Artículos de Revistas
INV - GICAFD - Artículos de Revistas

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