The fight against polio through the NO-DO newsreels during the Francoism period in Spain

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Title: The fight against polio through the NO-DO newsreels during the Francoism period in Spain
Authors: Tuells, José | Echániz Martínez, Berta
Research Group/s: Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Newsreel | NO-DO | Spain | Francoism | Poliomyelitis
Knowledge Area: Enfermería
Issue Date: 21-Nov-2019
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Citation: Tuells J, Echániz-Martínez B (2019) The fight against polio through the NO-DO newsreels during the Francoism period in Spain. PLoS ONE 14(11): e0225324. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225324
Abstract: The weekly NO-DO newsreels, official and of obligatory projection in cinemas, held an information monopoly during the Francoist dictatorship (1943-1975) in Spain. The NO-DO was used as an instrument of indoctrination and legitimation, building a discourse based on the regime’s needs and interests. In this study, we examined newsreels on medical subjects related to vaccine-preventable diseases. A majority of reports centred on poliomyelitis, and two differentiated periods could be defined, coinciding with the evolution of the Franco regime’s foreign policy. The first period reflected the regime’s era of isolation and referred to polio as a foreign disease, with the NO-DO showing the US initiatives to fight against it, as it had become the scientific model to follow. Subsequently, the ambiguities of the news related to the disease reflected the dictatorship’s refusal to confront the epidemic suffered by the Spanish population until the vaccination campaigns began in 1963. Even then, the consequences that the negligent management of the disease had for many families were concealed. Meanwhile, the image of a modernized country concerned about national public health was legitimized.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/99376
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225324
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 Tuells, Echániz-Martínez. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225324
Appears in Collections:INV - BISCHA - Artículos de Revistas
Cátedra Balmis de Vacunología - Publicaciones

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