Assessment of building behavior in slow-moving landslide-affected areas through DInSAR data and structural analysis

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Title: Assessment of building behavior in slow-moving landslide-affected areas through DInSAR data and structural analysis
Authors: Infante, Donato | Di Martire, Diego | Confuorto, Pierluigi | Tessitore, Serena | Tomás, Roberto | Calcaterra, Domenico | Ramondini, Massimo
Research Group/s: Ingeniería del Terreno y sus Estructuras (InTerEs)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil
Keywords: Slow-moving landslides | Building damage | Displacement monitoring | DInSAR
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería del Terreno
Issue Date: 15-Nov-2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Engineering Structures. 2019, 199: 109638. doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109638
Abstract: Slow-moving landslides are a natural hazard which affects wide areas in the world and often are cause of significant damage to structures and infrastructures. Analysis of landslide evolution and of their interaction with existing man-made structures plays a key role in risk prevention and mitigation activities. To this purpose, a considerable interest towards innovative approaches has grown among the scientific community and land management institutions. In this work, Synthetic Aperture Radar data acquired by C-band and X-band sensors, combined with numerical analyses, have been successfully applied as a tool to detect spatial and temporal landslide-induced effects, in terms of deformations and structural behavior of a building affected by ground instability. Such approach has been applied to Moio della Civitella urban settlement (Salerno province, Italy), whose whole territory is interested by several slow-moving landslides. In detail, performance of a masonry building aggregate and the efficacy of restoration works have been investigated through an integrated assessment of displacement time-series pre- and post-repair intervention, and structural analysis performed with numerical code. Historical DInSAR data have permitted firstly the interpretation of building displacement time-series corresponding to pre- and post-works configurations; subsequently, the analysis of interpolated interferometric products has allowed to define gradient maps of vertical and horizontal displacements and to identify part of aggregate which can suffer a greater susceptibility to damage as a consequence of deformation gradients. Finally, the comparison of satellite and numerical data showed a substantial agreement with local failures and damage surveyed, thus confirming the capability of DInSAR technique to investigate building performance where no in situ displacement measurements were available.
Sponsor: Research funded by the Campania Region through Regional Law n. 5/2002, year 2008 – Project “La pericolosità delle frane intermittenti in formazioni strutturalmente complesse; analisi comparata dei parametri geologici, mineralogici e geotecnici” (CUP_E64G08000060002) – Scientific manager: prof. Domenico Calcaterra. Part of this work was partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (MINECO), the State Agency of Research (AEI) and the European Funds for Regional Development (FEDER) under projects TEC2017-85244-C2-1-P and TIN2014-55413-C2-2-P and the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport under project PRX17/00439.
ISSN: 0141-0296 (Print) | 1873-7323 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109638
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd.
Peer Review: si
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