Wastewater Treatment and Water Reuse in Spain. Current Situation and Perspectives

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Title: Wastewater Treatment and Water Reuse in Spain. Current Situation and Perspectives
Authors: Jódar-Abellán, Antonio | López-Ortiz, María Inmaculada | Melgarejo, Joaquín
Research Group/s: Ingeniería Hidráulica y Ambiental (IngHA) | Historia e Instituciones Económicas (HIE) | Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Económico Aplicado | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario del Agua y las Ciencias Ambientales
Keywords: Wastewater treatment | Reclaimed waters | Water economic analysis | Agricultural supply | Spain
Knowledge Area: Historia e Instituciones Económicas | Física de la Tierra
Issue Date: 26-Jul-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Jodar-Abellan A, López-Ortiz MI, Melgarejo-Moreno J. Wastewater Treatment and Water Reuse in Spain. Current Situation and Perspectives. Water. 2019; 11(8):1551. doi:10.3390/w11081551
Abstract: The issues of wastewater treatment and the reuse of water are of great importance, especially in areas where the shortage of conventional resources is a structural problem, as it is in the case of Spain. Wastewater reuse is a valid mechanism to avoid problems derived from droughts and water scarcity. It allows access to water resources in areas with water restrictions and to prevent futures scenarios, due to it being expected that water consumption will double by 2050 over the world. Thus, the likelihood that this unconventional, strategic resource would become scarce is unquestionable, particularly in cases where water planning and exploitation systems prioritize the preservation, protection, and improvement of water quality, as well as the sustainable and efficient use of natural resources. This paper shows how wastewater treatment and reuse are linked, as the reuse of wastewater is associated with a previous regeneration, and both of them are essential tools for maximizing environmental outcomes, as called for in the European Union Directives.
Sponsor: This research was funded partially by the projects GRE17-12 and Life Empore (grant number: Life15 ENV/ES/000598) coordinated by the University of Alicante. Antonio Jodar-Abellan acknowledges financial support received from the Spanish FPU scholarship for the training of university teachers. In the same way, this work has been conducted within the Cátedra del Agua of the University of Alicante (https://catedradelaguaua.org/).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/94859
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w11081551
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081551
Appears in Collections:INV - IngHA - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Historia e Instituciones Económicas - Artículos de Revistas

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