DMSO Reductase Family: Phylogenetics and Applications of Extremophiles

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Title: DMSO Reductase Family: Phylogenetics and Applications of Extremophiles
Authors: Miralles-Robledillo, José María | Torregrosa-Crespo, Javier | Martínez-Espinosa, Rosa María | Pire, Carmen
Research Group/s: Bioquímica Aplicada/Applied Biochemistry (AppBiochem)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Agroquímica y Bioquímica
Keywords: Dimethyl sulfoxide reductases | MoCo cofactor | Redox reactions | Biogeochemical cycles | N-cycle | Phylogeny | Nitrate reductase | Perchlorate reductase
Knowledge Area: Bioquímica y Biología Molecular
Issue Date: 8-Jul-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Miralles-Robledillo JM, Torregrosa-Crespo J, Martínez-Espinosa RM, Pire C. DMSO Reductase Family: Phylogenetics and Applications of Extremophiles. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(13):3349. doi:10.3390/ijms20133349
Abstract: Dimethyl sulfoxide reductases (DMSO) are molybdoenzymes widespread in all domains of life. They catalyse not only redox reactions, but also hydroxylation/hydration and oxygen transfer processes. Although literature on DMSO is abundant, the biological significance of these enzymes in anaerobic respiration and the molecular mechanisms beyond the expression of genes coding for them are still scarce. In this review, a deep revision of the literature reported on DMSO as well as the use of bioinformatics tools and free software has been developed in order to highlight the relevance of DMSO reductases on anaerobic processes connected to different biogeochemical cycles. Special emphasis has been addressed to DMSO from extremophilic organisms and their role in nitrogen cycle. Besides, an updated overview of phylogeny of DMSOs as well as potential applications of some DMSO reductases on bioremediation approaches are also described.
ISSN: 1661-6596 (Print) | 1422-0067 (Online)
DOI: 10.3390/ijms20133349
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - AppBiochem - Artículos de Revistas

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