Student nurses at Spanish universities and their attitude toward xenotransplantation

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Title: Student nurses at Spanish universities and their attitude toward xenotransplantation
Authors: Martínez‐Alarcón, Laura | Ríos, Antonio | Santainés‐Borredá, Elena | Agras‐Suarez, María Concepción | Cañadas‐De la Fuente, Guillermo Arturo | Hurtado‐Pardos, Bárbara | Bárcena‐Calvo, Carmen | Alorda‐Terrasa, Carme | Morillo‐Velázquez, Juan Manuel | Martí‐García, Celia | Redin‐Areta, Maria Dolores | Alconero‐Camarero, Ana Rosa | Jiménez‐Navascues, Maria Lourdes | Gutierrez‐Izquierdo, María Isabel | Chamorro‐Rebollo, Elena | Merchán‐Felipe, María de las Nieves | Barandiaran‐Lasa, Maite | Martín‐Espinosa, Noelia | Gala‐León, Francisco Javier | Oter‐Quintana, Cristina | Benbunan‐Bentata, Bibinha | Tirado‐Altamirano, Francisco | Fernández‐Vallhonrat, Maria Blanca | Ramírez‐Rodrigo, Jesús | Maciá Soler, Loreto | Saez, Aida | Sánchez, Álvaro | López‐Navas, Ana | Ramírez, Pablo | Parrilla, Pascual
Research Group/s: Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería
Keywords: Attitude | Knowledge | Organ xenotransplantation | Student nurses
Knowledge Area: Enfermería
Issue Date: 8-Apr-2019
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Citation: Xenotransplantation. 2019, 26(3): e12507. doi:10.1111/xen.12507
Abstract: Introduction: Recent immunological and transgenic advances are a promising alternative using limited materials of human origin for transplantation. However, it is essential to achieve social acceptance of this therapy. Objective: To analyze the attitude of nursing students from Spanish universities toward organ xenotransplantation (XTx) and to determine the factors affecting their attitude. Materials and methods: Type of study: A sociological, multicentre, and observational study. Study population: Nursing students enrolled in Spain (n = 28,000). Sample size: A sample of 10 566 students estimating a proportion of 76% (99% confidence and precision of ±1%), stratified by geographical area and year of study. Instrument of measurement: A validated questionnaire (PCID‐XenoTx‐RIOS) was handed out to every student in a compulsory session. This survey was self‐administered and self‐completed voluntarily and anonymously by each student in a period of 5‐10 min. Statistical analysis: descriptive analysis, Student's t test, the chi‐square test, and a logistic regression analysis. Results: A completion rate: 84% (n = 8913) was obtained. If the results of XTx were as good as in human donation, 74% (n = 6564) would be in favor and 22% (n = 1946) would have doubts. The following variables affected this attitude: age (P < 0.001); sex (P < 0.001); geographical location (P < 0.001); academic year of study (P < 0.001); attitude toward organ donation (P < 0.001); belief in the possibility of needing a transplant (P < 0.001); discussion of transplantation with one's family (P < 0.001) and friends (P < 0.001); and the opinion of one's partner (P < 0.001). The following variables persisted in the multivariate analysis: being a male (OR = 1.436; P < 0.001); geographical location (OR = 1.937; P < 0.001); an attitude in favor of donation (OR = 1.519; P < 0.001); belief in the possibility of needing a transplant (OR = 1.497; P = 0.036); and having spoken about the issue with family (OR = 1.351; P < 0.001) or friends (OR = 1.240; P = 0.001). Conclusions: The attitude of nursing students toward organ XTx is favorable and is associated with factors of general knowledge about organ donation and transplantation and social interaction.
ISSN: 0908-665X (Print) | 1399-3089 (Online)
DOI: 10.1111/xen.12507
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Peer Review: si
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