Smoking Prevalence Inequalities Among Roma and Non-Roma Population in Spain Between 2006 and 2014

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Title: Smoking Prevalence Inequalities Among Roma and Non-Roma Population in Spain Between 2006 and 2014
Authors: Usera-Clavero, Marisa | La Parra-Casado, Daniel | Caballero, Pablo | Vives-Cases, Carmen | Gil-González, Diana
Research Group/s: Observatorio Europeo de Tendencias Sociales (OBETS) | Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia | Salud Pública | Investigación en Género (IG)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Sociología II | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Smoking | General population | Roma population | Health survey | Public health programs
Knowledge Area: Sociología | Enfermería | Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2019
Publisher: Springer US
Citation: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 2019. doi:10.1007/s10903-019-00863-z
Abstract: Tobacco consumption is unequally distributed in society. The objective was to identify trends in tobacco use among the General and Spanish Roma populations in 2006 and 2014, years characterized by strengthening of anti-smoking policy in Spain. We calculated prevalences and logistical regression models based on the Spanish National Health Survey (2006/2012) and the National Health Survey of the Roma population (2006/2014). Smoking decreased only in men in the General population (OR 0.885). In the Roma population, there were no significant changes observed for the 2 years studied (OR: men 1.095, and women 1.147). In fact, Roma men smoke 4.2 cigarettes more, and they have a younger age of initial tobacco use. Smoking behavior of the Roma population has not changed, and there has been no reduction in inequalities in tobacco use among the two populations, despite public policies designed to reduce tobacco use in Spain.
Sponsor: Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain, FEDER Funds (“National Health Survey to Roma Population 2013–2014”, Project Ref. PI12/00842), and Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality of Spain, Carlos III Health Institute. Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities of Spain, Spanish State Research Agency (AEI), and European Fund for Economic and Regional Development (FEDER): “Comparative impact evaluation: Roma National Integration Strategies”, Project Ref. CSO2017-83787-P. University Research Institute for Gender Studies—IUIEG-, for activities leading to doctoral theses that include a gender perspective. 2017.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/90352
ISSN: 1557-1912 (Print) | 1557-1920 (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/s10903-019-00863-z
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-019-00863-z
Appears in Collections:INV - BISCHA - Artículos de Revistas
INV - OBETS - Artículos de Revistas
INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas

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