Patient education during hospital admission due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Effects on quality of life—Controlled and randomized experimental study

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/89631
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Title: Patient education during hospital admission due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Effects on quality of life—Controlled and randomized experimental study
Authors: Folch Ayora, Ana | Orts-Cortés, María Isabel | Maciá Soler, Loreto | Andreu-Guillamon, Maria Victoria | Moncho, Joaquin
Research Group/s: Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease | Patient education as a subject | Health education | Quality of life
Knowledge Area: Enfermería
Issue Date: Mar-2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Patient Education and Counseling. 2019, 102(3): 511-519. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2018.09.013
Abstract: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an education program and telephone call follow-up at improving the health related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Method: Experimental, controlled, randomized, single blind study, masked data analysis. Duration of 2 years and 3 months. Patients hospitalised for exacerbation. The effectiveness was evaluated by calculating the absolute and relative change (%) of the St. George questionnaire scores (total and by dimensions) before and after the intervention program. Calculation of the effect of the group variable on the absolute and relative changes of the variables, Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). Results: Completed study of 116 patients. Greater effects on their HRQL reported at admission (48.3 ± SD 20.0 years). Patients in the intervention group improved significantly in their total SGRQ scores (−6.83) in absolute and relative terms and more significantly in their activity dimension (−16.05). Conclusions: The education program was effective at improving global HRQL, especially the activity dimension, in exacerbated COPD patients. Practice implications: This research contributes to clarifying the benefits and contents of education programs for patients with COPD; hospital admission is the suitable moment to contact these patients.
Sponsor: This work was partially funded by the Spanish Society of Respiratory Diseases (SEPAR, to use the Spanish acronym) in its Nursing section 191/2013 aimed at result dissemination.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/89631
ISSN: 0738-3991 (Print) | 1873-5134 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2018.09.013
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2018.09.013
Appears in Collections:INV - BISCHA - Artículos de Revistas

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