TG-FTIR study of evolved gas in the decomposition of different types of tobacco. Effect of the addition of SBA-15

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Title: TG-FTIR study of evolved gas in the decomposition of different types of tobacco. Effect of the addition of SBA-15
Authors: Calabuig, Emilio | Juárez-Serrano, Nerea | Marcilla, Antonio
Research Group/s: Procesado y Pirólisis de Polímeros
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Química
Keywords: SBA-15 | Tobacco | TG-FTIR | Mesoporous catalyst | Pyrolysis
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería Química
Issue Date: Jan-2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Thermochimica Acta. 2019, 671: 209-219. doi:10.1016/j.tca.2018.12.006
Abstract: Pyrolysis and oxidation reactions involving four types of tobacco (a flue-cured Virginia, an air-cured Burley, a fire-cured Kentucky, and Oriental) and a tobacco reference (3R4F), which is a US blended tobacco of burley, virginia and oriental, are studied in a thermogravimetric analyser coupled to a Fourier-transform infrared (TG-FTIR) spectrometer, under inert and oxidising atmospheres. We also assess the effect of the addition of SBA-15 on the thermal degradation of tobacco in both atmospheres. All tobacco samples exhibit similar decomposition patterns resulting from the pyrolysis of their components, mainly hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. Virginia type tobacco undergoes a marked volatilisation/decomposition process at low temperatures (125–250 °C). Oriental and Burley type tobaccos, on the other hand, undergo this same process at high temperatures. 3R4F reference tobacco exhibits the largest peak intensity for the decomposition of hemicellulose, pectin and cellulose. IR data allow a better interpretation of the reactions as they occur. The presence of catalyst produces a decrease in the evolution of CO at high temperatures. More residue is obtained in the presence of catalyst, and it is also less reactive. Under oxidising conditions, the catalyst produces marked differences in the oxidation reactions of the residue resulting from the decomposition of hemicellulose, pectin and cellulose, by limiting the evolution of methane and inhibiting CO formation reactions at high temperature.
Sponsor: This work was undertaken with financial support provided by the “Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad, Gobierno de España” (CTQ2015-70726/P) and the “Conselleria d’Educació, Investigació, Cultura i Esport” (PROMETEO2016/056).
ISSN: 0040-6031 (Print) | 1872-762X (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.tca.2018.12.006
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version:
Appears in Collections:INV - GTP3 - Artículos de Investigación sobre Pirólisis Catalítica de Polímeros

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