Risk-Yuck Factor Nexus in Reclaimed Wastewater for Irrigation: Comparing Farmers’ Attitudes and Public Perception

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Title: Risk-Yuck Factor Nexus in Reclaimed Wastewater for Irrigation: Comparing Farmers’ Attitudes and Public Perception
Authors: Ricart Casadevall, Sandra | Rico, Antonio | Ribas Palom, Anna
Research Group/s: Agua y Territorio | Clima y Ordenación del Territorio
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Geográfico Regional y Geografía Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Interuniversitario de Geografía
Keywords: Water reuse | Risks | Yuck factor | Farmers | Public | Perception
Knowledge Area: Análisis Geográfico Regional
Issue Date: 22-Jan-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Ricart S, Rico AM, Ribas A. Risk-Yuck Factor Nexus in Reclaimed Wastewater for Irrigation: Comparing Farmers’ Attitudes and Public Perception. Water. 2019; 11(2):187. doi:10.3390/w11020187
Abstract: The successes and failures of water reuse schemes are shaped by complex interrelationships between technological, economic, and socio-political factors. However, it has long been recognized that the main challenges to more effective water management are largely social rather than technical. This article reviews the recent literature (2007–2017) to analyze driving factors associated with farmers’ concerns and public perception of reclaimed wastewater for irrigation. The aim of the paper is to synthetize how both environmental and health risks and the yuck factor could be addressed in order to promote mutual understanding between farmers and the public. Results show: (1) how farmers and the public perceive environmental and health risks in a similar way, (2) how the yuck factor is more noticeable for the public than farmers, and (3) how constructed wetlands, reclaimed water exchange consortiums, product certification, and direct site visits to water reuse infrastructure could be promoted in order to foster understanding between farmers and the public. The article concludes by providing key research questions for managers and public authorities relating to how to focus on the study of technical and social issues related to water reuse.
Sponsor: This research was funded by Juan de la Cierva postdoctoral research fellow awarded to Sandra Ricart (grant number FJCI-2015-24346), and by the national competitive project PLUVIRESMED, funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (grant number CSO2015-65182-C2-2P).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/86897
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w11020187
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020187
Appears in Collections:INV - Agua y Territorio - Artículos de Revistas
INV - CyOT - Artículos de Revistas

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