Contribution of the Economic Crisis to the Risk Increase of Poor Mental Health in a Region of Spain

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Title: Contribution of the Economic Crisis to the Risk Increase of Poor Mental Health in a Region of Spain
Authors: Tamayo Fonseca, Nayara | Nolasco, Andreu | Moncho, Joaquin | Barona, Carmen | Irles, María Ángeles | Más, Rosa | Girón, Manuel | Gómez-Beneyto, Manuel | Pereyra-Zamora, Pamela
Research Group/s: Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Economic recession | Mental health | Halth status disparities | Spain | GHQ
Knowledge Area: Enfermería
Issue Date: 9-Nov-2018
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Tamayo-Fonseca N, Nolasco A, Moncho J, Barona C, Irles MÁ, Más R, Girón M, Gómez-Beneyto M, Pereyra-Zamora P. Contribution of the Economic Crisis to the Risk Increase of Poor Mental Health in a Region of Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2517. doi:10.3390/ijerph15112517
Abstract: Previous research suggests that the economic crisis can affect mental health. The purpose of this study was to analyse the association of risk of poor mental health with various socioeconomic, demographic, health, quality of life, and social support variables; and to evaluate the contribution of socioeconomic variables most affected by the beginning of the economic crisis (employment situation and income) on the changes in the prevalence of the risk of poor mental health between 2005 and 2010. A study of prevalence evolution in adult population residents of the Valencian Community in the Spanish Mediterranean was conducted. We studied 5781 subjects in 2005 and 3479 in 2010. Logistic regression models have been adjusted to analyse the association between variables. A standardisation procedure was carried out to evaluate which part of the changes in overall prevalence could be attributed to variations in the population structure by age, sex, employment status, and income between the years under study. The prevalence of GHQ+ increased from 2005 to 2010, in both men and women. Several variables were closely associated with the risk of poor mental health (sex, age, country of birth, number of nonmental chronic diseases, social support, disability, cohabitation in couple, employment status, and income). The changes produced as a result of the onset of the economic crisis in income and unemployment (increase in low income and in unemployment rates) contributed to the increase of poor mental health risk. This could confirm the sensitivity of mental health to the economic deterioration caused by the crisis.
Sponsor: This research was supported by Conselleria de Sanitat. Generalitat Valenciana, expedient SM I 34 2014.
ISSN: 1661-7827 (Print) | 1660-4601 (Online)
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15112517
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Peer Review: si
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