A qualitative study on primary health care responses to intimate partner violence during the economic crisis in Spain

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Title: A qualitative study on primary health care responses to intimate partner violence during the economic crisis in Spain
Authors: Otero, Laura | Briones Vozmediano, Erica | Vives-Cases, Carmen | García-Quinto, Marta | Sanz, Belén | Goicolea, Isabel
Research Group/s: Salud Pública | Investigación en Género (IG)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Investigación de Estudios de Género
Keywords: Qualitative study | Intimate partner violence | Spain | Economic crisis
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Issue Date: 15-Jun-2018
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: European Journal of Public Health. 2018, 28(6): 1000-1005. doi:10.1093/eurpub/cky095
Abstract: Background: The objective of this study was to explore how health professionals perceived the effect of the economic crisis and associated austerity measures on the detection of and cares for intimate partner violence (IPV) in primary care in Spain. Methods: Qualitative study designed using semi-structured interviews carried out with 145 health professionals in 16 primary health care centres in different regions of Spain. An inductive thematic analysis was made of the transcriptions. Results: Three main themes were identified: ‘Women endure more violence during times of economic crisis’, ‘Fewer resources, fewer professionals and less time to respond to IPV’ and ‘Professionals’ motivation as a requirement to respond to IPV’. Professionals perceived that economic precariousness triggered violence against women and made women more hesitant to put an end to violent relationships. They also reported that the austerity measures applied to primary health care negatively affected their ability to detect and adequately care for cases of IPV due to a heavy workload, reduced human resources, difficulties in training and the loss of resources to which women could be referred. To counteract these obstacles, health professionals’ motivation played a vital role in the response to IPV. Conclusions: Institutional efforts to organize awareness programmes and training in order to improve and promote early diagnosis, care and rehabilitation of these women cannot stop during times of crisis and primary health care centres should facilitate health professionals’ access to these programmes.
Sponsor: This study has been funded through a COFAS grant (supported by COFUND action within the Marie Curie Action People, in the Seventh Framework programme and the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research/FAS-Forskningsradet för arbetsliv och socialvetenskap) through a competitive call. This work was partly supported by the Umeå Center for Global Health Research, funded by FAS, the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research (Grant no. 2006-1512).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/82408
ISSN: 1101-1262 (Print) | 1464-360X (Online)
DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/cky095
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky095
Appears in Collections:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones

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