The social vulnerability approach for social impact assessment

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Título: The social vulnerability approach for social impact assessment
Autor/es: Climent Gil, Emilio | Aledo, Antonio | Vallejos-Romero, Arturo
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Población, Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo (POMADE)
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Servicio de Relaciones Internacionales | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Sociología I
Palabras clave: Impacts | Social risk | Technological hazard | Dam | Patagonia | HydroAysen project
Área/s de conocimiento: Sociología
Fecha de publicación: nov-2018
Editor: Elsevier
Cita bibliográfica: Environmental Impact Assessment Review. 2018, 73: 70-79. doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2018.07.005
Resumen: The Social Impact Assessment (SIA) literature has highlighted the need to focus attention on the most vulnerable groups to improve the management of socio-environmental risk. However, methodological proposals to introduce vulnerability in SIAs are still incipient. The aim of this article is to present a proposal to analyze the role of social vulnerability in the production of risks generated by large infrastructure projects. Taking the theoretical-methodological advances made from the social vulnerability and natural disasters approach, and from the social vulnerability, development and poverty approaches, we have designed a Social Vulnerability Approach (SVA) which we aim at incorporating into the SIA of large infrastructure projects. To illustrate our methodological proposal, the case of the socio-environmental conflict generated by the HydroAysen Project (which entailed the construction of a set of hydroelectric dams on the Baker and Pascua rivers in the Chilean Patagonia region) has been selected. Our proposal allows us to identify elements of vulnerability throughout the whole project cycle and, therefore, windows for intervention in order to reduce social vulnerability as well as other kind of hazards that large infrastructure projects may generate on affected populations.
Patrocinador/es: This work was supported by the National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research of Chili (CONICYT) [Project Fondecyt, grant numbers 1150576 and Project REDES, grant numbers 150052].
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/79233
ISSN: 0195-9255 (Print) | 1873-6432 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2018.07.005
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
Revisión científica: si
Versión del editor: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2018.07.005
Aparece en las colecciones:INV - POMADE - Artículos de Revistas

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