Electrocatalytic studies on imidazolium based ionic liquids: defining experimental conditions

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Title: Electrocatalytic studies on imidazolium based ionic liquids: defining experimental conditions
Authors: Montiel López, Miguel Ángel | Solla-Gullón, José | Montiel, Vicente | Sánchez-Sánchez, Carlos M.
Research Group/s: Electroquímica Aplicada y Electrocatálisis
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Electroquímica
Keywords: Electrocatalytic studies | Imidazolium based | Ionic liquids | Experimental conditions
Knowledge Area: Química Física
Issue Date: 22-Jun-2018
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2018, 20: 19160-19167. doi:10.1039/C8CP02662A
Abstract: The number of publications devoted to studying electrochemical reactions in room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) is constantly growing, but very few of them have been devoted to defining proper experimental conditions to obtain reproducible electrochemical results. In this work, we demonstrate that the combination of a proper RTIL purification treatment and a filtered Ar gas stream allow us to obtain featureless voltammograms in [C4mim][BF4], [C4mim][NTf2], and [C4m2im][NTf2], which otherwise present signals associated with different types of impurities such as water and some minor electroactive impurities acquired during the RTIL synthesis process. Moreover, we demonstrate that bubbling Ar, or another inert gas, through the electrolyte in order to purge O2 dissolved in RTILs is one of the major sources of water and O2 impurities incorporated in RTILs within the electrochemical cell. To overcome this source of water uptake, we have incorporated a gas stream purification filter before the gas reaches the RTIL in the electrochemical cell. To illustrate the effect of these impurities in relevant electrocatalytic studies, we study the electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 on Pt nanoparticles and the key role of an appropiate filter when the CO2 gas stream is bubbled within imidazolium based RTILs. Our cyclic voltammetric studies point out that CO2 electroreduction on Pt nanoparticles only presents activity in [C4mim][NTf2] and [C4m2im][NTf2], thus suggesting that the C-2 position on the imidazolium ring is not the key position in CO2 electrochemical reduction. In contrast, the same Pt nanoparticles are inactive towards CO2 electroreduction in [C4mim][BF4], which is a more hydrophilic RTIL.
Sponsor: The authors acknowledge financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) (projects CTQ2013-48280-C3-3-R and CTQ2016-76231-C2-2-R) (AEI/FEDER, UE) and from the CNRS (projet Défi Instrumentation aux limites 2015). J. S.-G. acknowledges financial support from VITC (Vicerrectorado de Investigación y Transferencia de Conocimiento) of the University of Alicante (UATALENTO16-02). C. M. S.-S. acknowledges financial support from the University of Alicante, visiting researcher grant INV16-15.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/77678
ISSN: 1463-9076 (Print) | 1463-9084 (Online)
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02662A
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © the Owner Societies 2018
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1039/C8CP02662A
Appears in Collections:INV - LEQA - Artículos de Revistas

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