Is recession bad for your mental health? The answer could be complex: evidence from the 2008 crisis in Spain

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Título: Is recession bad for your mental health? The answer could be complex: evidence from the 2008 crisis in Spain
Autor/es: Moncho, Joaquin | Pereyra-Zamora, Pamela | Tamayo Fonseca, Nayara | Girón, Manuel | Gómez-Beneyto, Manuel | Nolasco, Andreu
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Palabras clave: Mental health | Population study | Economic recession | Unemployment | Prevalence
Área/s de conocimiento: Enfermería
Fecha de publicación: 13-jul-2018
Editor: BioMed Central
Cita bibliográfica: BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2018, 18: 78. doi:10.1186/s12874-018-0538-2
Resumen: Background: We explored the impact of 2008 recession on the prevalence of mental health problems in Spain. Methods: Repeated cross-sectional survey design. Datasets from 2006 and 2011 were used, and temporal change was examined. The study was conducted on the economically active population (16–64 years old). The two surveys included 29,478 and 21,007 people, obtaining a 96 and 89.6% response rate, respectively. Multiple logistic regression models were adjusted to identify poor mental health risk factors. A standardisation analysis was performed to estimate the prevalence of people at risk of poor mental health (GHQ+). Results: The prevalence of GHQ+ following the crisis increased in men and decreased in women. Two logistic regression analyses identified GHQ+ risk factors. From 2006 to 2011, unemployment rose and income fell for both men and women, and there was a decline in the prevalence of somatic illness and limitations, factors associated with a higher prevalence of GHQ+. After controlling for age, the change in employment and income among men prompted an increase in the prevalence of GHQ+, while the change in somatic illness and limitations tended to mitigate this effect. After the recession, unemployed men showed a better level of somatic health. The same effects were not detected in women. Conclusions: The economic recession exerted a complex effect on mental health problems in men. The reduction of prevalence in women was not associated with changes in socioeconomic factors related to the economic crisis nor with changes in somatic health.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/77520
ISSN: 1471-2288
DOI: 10.1186/s12874-018-0538-2
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: © The Author(s). 2018 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Revisión científica: si
Versión del editor: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0538-2
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