Green Synthesis of Thin Shell Carbon-Encapsulated Iron Nanoparticles via Hydrothermal Carbonization

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Title: Green Synthesis of Thin Shell Carbon-Encapsulated Iron Nanoparticles via Hydrothermal Carbonization
Authors: Calderón Roca, Blanca | Smith, Fraser | Aracil, Ignacio | Fullana, Andres
Research Group/s: Residuos, Energía, Medio Ambiente y Nanotecnología (REMAN)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Química
Keywords: nZVI | Olive mill wastewater | Encapsulation | Hydrothermal carbonization | Green chemistry | Heavy metal removal | Aging | Waste valorization
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería Química
Issue Date: 25-Apr-2018
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. 2018, 6(6): 7995-8002. doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b01416
Abstract: Nanoscale zerovalent iron (nZVI) has proven to be a promising solution for contaminant remediation, but its application is limited due to its high cost of synthesis and instability. Encapsulating the nZVI in carbon spheres generates more stable particles with improved properties due to the adsorption capacity provided by the carbon. The aim of this work was to synthesize thin shell carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles (CE-nFe) through hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) using olive mill wastewater as a carbonaceous source, which is a cheaper and more sustainable method of synthesis than the current practice. With this method, a high quality nanomaterial was obtained, which displayed surface areas up to 220 m2/g and was composed of ∼4 nm iron nanoparticles spheres surrounded by a thin layer of carbon (<1 nm). The effect of HTC conditions on the nanoparticle structure and morphology was evaluated. Post-treatment of the samples under nitrogen flow at high temperatures (600–800 °C) was used to increase the ZVI content of the samples. Finally, the synthesized CE-nFe were tested for the removal of heavy metals from water. Thanks to the carbon layer, CE-nFe proved to avoid the delivery of heavy metal ions back to water, a behavior previously observed with nZVI due to its aging after long time periods.
Sponsor: Financial support for this work was given by the University of Alicante (UAFPU2013-5791).
ISSN: 2168-0485
DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b01416
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2018 American Chemical Society
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - REMAN - Artículos de Revistas

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