Comparative analysis of the psychometric parameters of two quality-of-life questionnaires, the SGRQ and CAT, in the assessment of patients with COPD exacerbations during hospitalization: A multicenter study

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Title: Comparative analysis of the psychometric parameters of two quality-of-life questionnaires, the SGRQ and CAT, in the assessment of patients with COPD exacerbations during hospitalization: A multicenter study
Authors: Folch Ayora, Ana | Maciá Soler, Loreto | Orts-Cortés, María Isabel | Hernández-Carcereny, Carmen | Seijas-Babot, Nuria
Research Group/s: Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería
Keywords: Quality of life | Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease | Assessment | Psychometrics | Hospital
Knowledge Area: Enfermería
Issue Date: 12-Mar-2018
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Citation: Chronic Respiratory Disease. 2018, 15(4): 374-383. doi:10.1177/1479972318761645
Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to discuss the different tools available for its assessment. The most widely used assessments are the St. George respiratory questionnaire (SGRQ) and the COPD assessment test (CAT) questionnaire. Both have a different difficulty in exam completion, calculation, and scoring. No studies exist that analyze the validity and internal consistency of using both questionnaires on patients admitted to the hospital for a COPD exacerbation. A multicenter, cross-sectional analytic observational study of patients admitted to the hospital due to a COPD exacerbation (CIE 491.2). During their hospital stay, they were administered the SGRQ and the CAT questionnaire within the framework of a therapeutic education program (APRENDEPOC). Descriptive and comparative analysis, correlations between the scales (Pearson’s correlation index), consistency and reliability calculations (Cronbach’s α), and a forward stepwise multiple linear regression were performed, with significant correlations in both questionnaires considered p < 0.01 with the total scores. A statistical significance of p < 0.05 was assumed. Altogether, 231 patients were admitted for a COPD exacerbation (n = 77) at Hospital Clínic of Barcelona (HCB) and (n = 154) at Hospital Universitario General of Castellón (HUGC). The sample profile was not homogeneous between both centers, with significant differences in HRQL between hospitals. Correlation were noted between both scales (p < 0.01), along with high levels of internal consistency and reliability (CAT 0.836 vs. SGRQ 0.827). The HRQL is related to dyspnea, wheezing, daytime drowsiness, and edema, as well as to the need to sleep in a sitting position, anxiety, depression, and dependence on others in the execution of daily activities. Our regression analysis showed that the SGRQ questionnaire could predict more changes in HRQL with a higher number of variables.
Sponsor: The study was partially funded by the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR), Nursing area (191/2013).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/75511
ISSN: 1479-9723 (Print) | 1479-9731 (Online)
DOI: 10.1177/1479972318761645
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/1479972318761645
Appears in Collections:INV - BISCHA - Artículos de Revistas

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