Concentration Endurance Test (d2): Normative data for Spanish-speaking pediatric population

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Title: Concentration Endurance Test (d2): Normative data for Spanish-speaking pediatric population
Authors: Rivera, D. | Salinas, C. | Ramos-Usuga, D. | Delgado-Mejía, I.D. | Vasallo Key, Y. | Hernández Agurcia, G.P. | Valencia Vásquez, J. | García-Guerrero, C.E. | García de la Cadena, C. | Rabago Barajas, B.V. | Romero-García, I. | Campos Varillas, A.I. | Sánchez San Segundo, Miriam | Galvao-Carmona, A. | Lara, L. | Granja Gilbert, E.J. | Martín-Lobo, P. | Velázquez-Cardoso, J. | Caracuel, A. | Arango-Lasprilla, Juan Carlos
Research Group/s: Psicología Aplicada a la Salud y Comportamiento Humano (PSYBHE)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Psicología de la Salud
Keywords: Attention | Concentration Endurance Test (d2) | Neuropsychology | Spanish-speaking populations | Pediatric population
Knowledge Area: Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico
Issue Date: 24-Oct-2017
Publisher: IOS Press
Citation: NeuroRehabilitation. 2017, 41(3): 661-671. doi:10.3233/NRE-172248
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Concentration Endurance Test (d2) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the d2 test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Total number of items processed (TN), Total number of correct responses (CR), Total performance (TP), and Concentration performance (CP) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values. Age, age2, sex, and mean level of parental education (MLPE) were included as predictors in the analyses. RESULTS: The final multiple linear regression models showed main effects for age on all scores, such that scores increased linearly as a function of age. TN scores were affected by age2 for Guatemala and Puerto Rico; CR scores were affected by age2 for Mexico; TP scores were affected by age2 for Chile, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Spain; and CP scores for Mexico and Spain. Models indicated that children whose parents had a MLPE >12 years obtained higher scores compared to children whose parents had a MLPE≤12 years for Mexico and Spain in all scores, and Puerto Rico for TN, CR, and TP, and Guatemala and Paraguay for CP scores. Sex affect the scores for Ecuador and Honduras (CP scores). CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest Spanish-speaking pediatric normative study in the world, and it will allow neuropsychologists from these countries to have a more accurate approach to interpret the d2 test in pediatric populations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/74049
ISSN: 1053-8135 (Print) | 1878-6448 (Online)
DOI: 10.3233/NRE-172248
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 – IOS Press and the authors
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-172248
Appears in Collections:INV - PSYBHE - Artículos de Revistas

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