Variation in soil enzyme activity as a function of vegetation amount, type, and spatial structure in fire-prone Mediterranean shrublands

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Title: Variation in soil enzyme activity as a function of vegetation amount, type, and spatial structure in fire-prone Mediterranean shrublands
Authors: Mayor, Angeles G. | Goirán, Silvana B. | Vallejo Calzada, Ramón | Bautista, Susana
Research Group/s: Gestión de Ecosistemas y de la Biodiversidad (GEB)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ecología
Keywords: Nutrient cycling function | Microsite | Canopy openness | Vegetation pattern | Land degradation | Wildfires | Post-fire regeneration strategy
Knowledge Area: Ecología
Issue Date: 15-Dec-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Science of The Total Environment. 2016, 573: 1209-1216. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.03.139
Abstract: Fire-prone Mediterranean shrublands may be seriously threatened by land degradation due to progressive opening of the vegetation cover driven by increasing drought and fire recurrence. However, information about the consequences of this opening process for critical ecosystem functions is scant. In this work, we studied the influence of vegetation amount, type, and spatial pattern in the variation of extracellular soil enzyme activity (acid phosphatase, β-glucosidase, and urease) in fire-prone shrublands in eastern Spain. Soil was sampled in vegetation-patch and open-interpatch microsites in 15 shrubland sites affected by large wildfires in 1991. On average, the activities of the three enzymes were 1.5 (β-glucosidase and urease) to 1.7 (acid phosphatase) times higher in soils under vegetation patches than in adjacent interpatches. In addition, phosphatase activity for both microsites significantly decreased with the fragmentation of the vegetation. This result was attributed to a lower influence of roots -the main source of acid phosphatase- in the bigger interpatches of the sites with lower patch cover, and to feedbacks between vegetation pattern, redistribution of resources, and soil quality during post-fire vegetation dynamics. Phosphatase activity was also 1.2 times higher in patches of resprouter plants than in patches of non-resprouters, probably due to the faster post-fire recovery and older age of resprouter patches in these fire-prone ecosystems. The influence on the studied enzymes of topographic and climatic factors acting at the landscape scale was insignificant. According to our results, variations in the cover, pattern, and composition of vegetation patches may have profound impacts on soil enzyme activity and associated nutrient cycling processes in fire-prone Mediterranean shrublands, particularly in those related to phosphorus.
Sponsor: This study was funded by the research projects CGL2004-03627, INDEX2 (CGL2005-07946-C02-01/BOS), and FEEDBACK (CGL2011-30515-C02-01), from the Spanish Ministry for Economy and Competitiveness. The authors also acknowledge support from the European Union's Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement 283068 (CASCADE).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/72588
ISSN: 0048-9697 (Print) | 1879-1026 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.03.139
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.03.139
Appears in Collections:INV - GEB - Artículos de Revistas
Research funded by the EU

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