Characterization of motivation and type of physical-sport practice in adults through COMPASS profiles

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Título: Characterization of motivation and type of physical-sport practice in adults through COMPASS profiles
Autor/es: Chacón Cuberos, Ramón | Chacón-Borrego, Fátima | Zurita-Ortega, Félix | Cachón, Javier | Zagalaz Sánchez, María Luisa | Chinchilla Mira, Juan José
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Grupo de Investigación en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte (GICAFD)
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Didáctica General y Didácticas Específicas
Palabras clave: Physical activity | Sport | COMPASS profiles | Adulthood | Motivation
Área/s de conocimiento: Educación Física y Deportiva | Didáctica de la Expresión Corporal
Fecha de publicación: 2018
Editor: Universidad de Alicante. Área de Educación Física y Deporte
Cita bibliográfica: Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. 2018, 13(1): 161-173. doi:10.14198/jhse.2018.131.16
Resumen: Physical Activity and Sport Practice (PASP) have grown in popularity in last years given its positive effects at physiological, social, cognitive and emotional level. Several researches have studied the main motivations involved in PASP using the Self-Determination Theory, highlighting the importance of intrinsic and extrinsic reasons. This descriptive and cross sectional study aims to establish the main motivations involved in physical activity and to identify its association with the sport profiles proposed by COMPASS project (2000). The research was conducted with a sample of 1002 adults (a 53% is female and a 47% is male) from Sevilla ( = 45.35 years old; SD = 17.96), using the C-PAFYD questionnaire with a reliability of α = .84. The results show that profile 1 (competitive and intensive) comprises intrinsic and extrinsic motivations such as hedonism, desire of competition and to achieve a sport career, while profile 2 is oriented towards least self-determined motivations as health improving. In addition, these participants do physical activity alone or with co-workers. The profiles 3 and 4 (regular and non-organized physical activity) are related to motivations of social and ludic type. In fact, this sport practice is mainly done with friends and peers in public places. Finally, profiles 5 and 6, which are associated with an irregular and occasional PASP, manifested extrinsic motivations such as disease prevention.
URI: |
ISSN: 1988-5202
DOI: 10.14198/jhse.2018.131.16
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0
Revisión científica: si
Versión del editor:
Aparece en las colecciones:Revistas - Journal of Human Sport and Exercise - 2018, Vol. 13, No. 1
INV - GICAFD - Artículos de Revistas

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