The growing problem of comparing elite sport performances: The Olympic speed skating case

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Title: The growing problem of comparing elite sport performances: The Olympic speed skating case
Authors: Talsma, Bertus | Sierksma, Gerard | Turkensteen, Marcel
Keywords: Sport statistics | Olympic games | Performance analysis | Gould's hypothesis | Speed skating
Knowledge Area: Educación Física y Deportiva
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Universidad de Alicante. Área de Educación Física y Deporte
Citation: Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. 2017, 12(3proc): S892-S907. doi:10.14198/jhse.2017.12.Proc3.13
Abstract: The increased performance densities in the top of elite sports, sometimes mutual contest results are within the error margins of the measuring systems, has caused major problems in comparing performances and deciding on winners. In case of Dutch speed skating, the pool of highly competitive athletes is large, and, since there is a limit on the number of Olympic participators per country, the Olympic selection procedure is obviously a precarious affair. Because more than 100 years of data is available, we are able to study in this respect the well-known Gould hypothesis: When the sport matures, the variation in performance, especially at the top, decreases, and extreme events, where one athlete outperforms all his competitors, become rarer. Since Gould’s hypothesis only holds with ‘unchanged rules of the game’, several data corrections, for example on the introduction of the klap skate, are needed. A major goal of this paper is to analyze the possible role of Gould’s hypothesis concerning the growing performance densities for top speed skating.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2017.12.Proc3.13 | http://hdl.handle.net/10045/71343
ISSN: 1988-5202
DOI: 10.14198/jhse.2017.12.Proc3.13
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://www.jhse.ua.es/
Appears in Collections:Revistas - Journal of Human Sport and Exercise - 2017 - 11th World Congress of Performance Analysis of Sport, 16-18 November 2016

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