Relationship of Sport Competitive Level on Dietary Intake, Body Composition and Somatotype between Elite and Amateur Female Volleyballers

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Title: Relationship of Sport Competitive Level on Dietary Intake, Body Composition and Somatotype between Elite and Amateur Female Volleyballers
Authors: Mielgo-Ayuso, Juan | Urdampilleta, Aritz | Martínez Sanz, José Miguel | Calleja González, Julio | Seco, Jesús
Research Group/s: Grupo de Investigación en Alimentación y Nutrición (ALINUT)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería
Keywords: Dietary intake | Body composition | Sports nutrition | Female athletes | Volleyball
Knowledge Area: Enfermería
Issue Date: 21-Sep-2017
Publisher: Remedy Publications LLC
Citation: Mielgo-Ayuso J, Urdampilleta A, Martínez-Sanz JM, Calleja-González J, Seco J. Relationship of Sport Competitive Level on Dietary Intake, Body Composition and Somatotype between Elite and Amateur Female Volleyballers. Ann Womens Health. 2017; 1(2): 1006
Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare the energy, macronutrients and body composition of Elite (EFVPs) and Amateur (AFVPs) Female Volleyballers and to analyze their dietetic-nutritional intakes and habits with those recommended for athletes. Twelve EFVPs and twelve AFVPs were considered for this study. A protocol from the International Society of Advancement of Kinanthropometry was followed to record anthropometric data. To calculate the nutritional intake and the size of food servings, the participants were asked to keep a daily diet for seven consecutive days. Statistically (P<0.05), the EFVPs were older (26 ± 4 years vs. 21 ± 4 years), taller (178 cm ± 9 cm vs. 166 cm ± 4 cm), heavier (69.4 kg ± 8.7 kg vs. 57.3 kg ± 6.5 kg) and had a greater muscle mass (30.0 kg ± 2.5 kg vs. 25.7 ± 2.0 kg) than the AFVPs. However, no significant differences between groups were described in somatotype (P>0.05). The EFVPs consumed more (P<0.05) calories (2,854 kcal ± 279 kcal vs. 2,173 kcal ± 179 kcal), proteins (141 g ± 20 g vs. 106 g ± 16 g), fat (114 g ± 20 g vs. 91 g ± 8 g) and carbohydrates (303 g ± 37 g vs. 208 g ± 21 g) than the AFVPs. Additionally, the results indicated that all the volleyballers had an inadequate diet and food intake in terms of both quantity and quality. These findings suggest that higher height and muscle mass offers an advantage for be professional players than dietary evidences and habits related to a higher intake of energy and macronutrients in case of amateur players. Nevertheless, this contradictory data between the two levels of volleyballers indicates an inadequate diet and food intake in terms of both quantity and quality regarding the nutritional recommendations for athletes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/70952
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 Juan Mielgo-Ayuso. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://remedypublications.com/annals-of-women's-health/index.html
Appears in Collections:INV - ALINUT - Artículos de Revistas

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