Simulation of Infrastructure Options for Urban Water Management in Two Urban Catchments in Bogotá, Colombia

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Title: Simulation of Infrastructure Options for Urban Water Management in Two Urban Catchments in Bogotá, Colombia
Authors: Peña-Guzmán, Carlos | Melgarejo, Joaquín | López-Ortiz, María Inmaculada | Mesa, Duvan Javier
Research Group/s: Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Económico Aplicado | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario del Agua y las Ciencias Ambientales
Keywords: Urban water cycle | Urban water management | Simulation | UVQ | Cost-benefit analysis
Knowledge Area: Historia e Instituciones Económicas
Issue Date: 5-Nov-2017
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Peña-Guzmán CA, Melgarejo J, Lopez-Ortiz I, Mesa DJ. Simulation of Infrastructure Options for Urban Water Management in Two Urban Catchments in Bogotá, Colombia. Water. 2017; 9(11):858. doi:10.3390/w9110858
Abstract: Urban areas are currently experiencing rapid growth, which brings with it increases in the population, the expansion of impervious surfaces, and an overall jump in the environmental and hydrological impact. To mitigate such an impact, different strategies proposed to tackle this problem often vary; for example, stormwater tanks, the reuse of wastewater and grey water, the installation of equipment to reduce water consumption, and education-based approaches. Consequently, this article presents the simulation and evaluation of implementing infrastructure options (stormwater harvesting, reuse of industrial waters, water-saving technology in residential sectors, and reuse of water from washing machines) for managing urban water in two urban catchments (Fucha and Tunjuelo) in Bogotá, Colombia, over three periods: baseline, 10 years, and 20 years. The simulation was performed using the software Urban Volume Quality (UVQ) and revealed a possible reduction in drinking water consumption of up to 47% for the Fucha Catchment and 40% for the Tunjuelo Catchment; with respect to wastewater, the reduction was up to 20% for the Fucha Catchment and 25% for the Tunjuelo Catchment. Lastly, two scenarios were evaluated in terms of potential savings related to water supply and sewage fees. The implementation of strategies 3 and 6 insofar as these two strategies impacted the hydric resources. Therefore, there would be a significant reduction in contaminant loads and notable economic benefits attributable to implementing these strategies.
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w9110858
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - Economía Española sobre el Franquismo - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Historia e Instituciones Económicas - Artículos de Revistas

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