Professionals’ perception of intimate partner violence in young people: a qualitative study in northern Spain

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Title: Professionals’ perception of intimate partner violence in young people: a qualitative study in northern Spain
Authors: Maquibar Landa, Amaia | Vives-Cases, Carmen | Hurtig, Anna-Karin | Goicolea, Isabel
Research Group/s: Salud Pública | Investigación en Género (IG)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Intimate partner violence | Young people | Professional role | Qualitative research
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Issue Date: 20-Jul-2017
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: Reproductive Health. 2017, 14:86. doi:10.1186/s12978-017-0348-8
Abstract: Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem with devastating effects on young women's health. These negative effects increase when the exposure to IPV lasts for a long time and exposure at an early age increases the risk of adult IPV. Despite efforts made in the last few decades, data show little progress has been made towards its reduction. Thus, the aim of the study reported here is to explore professionals' perceptions regarding intimate partner violence (IPV) among young people, focusing on the characteristics of the phenomenon and their perceptions about existing programmes and campaigns aimed at addressing it. Methods: Twelve professionals from education, health and municipal social services were interviewed. All but one of the interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed according to the methodology of inductive thematic analysis, with the support of Atlas.ti software. The transcripts were read several times and coded line by line. Afterwards, codes were grouped into themes. The developed themes were refined into two phases with the participation of all the authors. Results: From the analysis, the following three themes were identified: "A false sense of gender equity", "IPV among young people: subtle, daily and normalized", and "Mass media campaigns do not fit young people's needs". According to the participants, psychological abuse in the form of controlling behaviour by their partners is the most common type of IPV young women are exposed to, although exposure to other types of IPV was also acknowledged. This violence was described as something subtle, daily and normalized and, consequently, not something that is easy to recognize for the girls that are exposed to it, nor for adults working with young people. Conclusions: The study participants showed good knowledge of the characteristics IPV has among young people. This knowledge was reflected in locally implemented IPV prevention projects, which they considered successful in addressing young people's needs. However, these interventions lacked formal evaluation, political support and continuation. The study participants did not believe that nationwide mass media campaigns realistically reflected the specific characteristics of IPV among young people. Thus, participants perceived these campaigns to be ineffective.
Sponsor: This work was partly supported by the Umeå Center for Global Health Research, funded by FAS, the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research (Grant no. 2006–1512).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/70707
ISSN: 1742-4755
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-017-0348-8
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © The Author(s). 2017 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-017-0348-8
Appears in Collections:Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones
INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas

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