La fortificación de la isla de Nueva Tabarca, 1769-1779: De la estrategia militar a la táctica del proyecto urbano

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Title: La fortificación de la isla de Nueva Tabarca, 1769-1779: De la estrategia militar a la táctica del proyecto urbano
Authors: Martínez-Medina, Andrés | Pirinu, Andrea | Banyuls i Pérez, Antoni
Research Group/s: Metrópoli, Arquitectura y su Patrimonio (MAP)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Expresión Gráfica, Composición y Proyectos
Keywords: Fortified Citadel | 18th century military urbanism | Nueva Tabarca Island
Knowledge Area: Composición Arquitectónica
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Universitat d’Alacant
Citation: Martínez-Medina, Andrés; Pirinu, Andrea; Banyuls i Pérez, Antoni. "La fortificación de la isla de Nueva Tabarca, 1769-1779: De la estrategia militar a la táctica del proyecto urbano". In: Echarri Iribarren, Víctor (Ed.). Defensive Architecture of the Mediterranean. XV to XVIII Centuries: Vol. V: Proceedings of the International Conference on Modern Age Fortifications of the Mediterranean Coast, FORTMED 2017. Alacant: Publicacions Universitat d’Alacant, 2017. ISBN 978-84-16724-75-8, pp. 101-108
Abstract: Between 1769 and 1779, the military engineer Fernando Méndez Ras performs a survey of the coastline of isla Plana –located in front of Alicante– and various drawings for its colonization. A project that – with the construction of the fortified citadel of "Nueva Tabarca"– joins design of new city and military architecture. The realization of this fortress was part of Carlos III's policy of founding new settlements. The proposed contribution analyses various urban projects (characterized by a high graphic quality and a rigorous technique), checking the evolution of the initial strategy of war machine until a settlement construction intended as an industrial village and a village of fishermen. The study of the three urban plans (1770-71, 1774-75, 1779) reveals these changes and shows how, in conjunction with decreasing the political interest for the defensive project, the engineer increases the definition of the urban project. The author transforms his design from military to civilian use, defining the citadel as a large cistern to collect rainwater for survival guarantee. The absolutist idea of man's control over the nature coexists with reasoning to understand that city, architecture and water realize a unit of military design.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/70417
ISBN: 978-84-16724-75-8
Language: spa
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
Rights: © editor Víctor Echarri Iribarren; de los textos: los autores; 2017, de la presente edición: Editorial Publicacions Universitat d’Alacant. Publicado con Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0
Peer Review: si
Appears in Collections:Congresos - FORTMED 2017 - Proceedings - Vol. I
INV - MAP - Comunicaciones a Congresos, Conferencias, etc.

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