Spatio-temporal metrics that distinguish play outcomes: A pilot study

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Title: Spatio-temporal metrics that distinguish play outcomes: A pilot study
Authors: McInerney, Ciarán | Goodwill, Simon | Foster, Leon | Choppin, Simon
Keywords: Team invasion sports | Variable-selection | Marginal effects
Knowledge Area: Educación Física y Deportiva
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Universidad de Alicante. Área de Educación Física y Deporte
Citation: Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. 2017, 12(2proc): S502-S507. doi:10.14198/jhse.2017.12.Proc2.03
Abstract: In team invasion sports, tactical behaviour can be examined using spatio-temporal data, i.e. the position of the players at a given time. A review of the spatio-temporal metrics used in team invasion sports performance analysis indicated that thousands of variations of metrics being used. Information about the distribution of metrics' individual effects can inform us of the best variable-selection method. The aim of this pilot study was to estimate the distribution of strong marginal effects of spatio-temporal metrics of field hockey plays. With institutional ethical approval, the Womens’ and Mens’ gold medal games from the EuroHockey 2015 field hockey tournament were recorded. Best, acceptable and worst-case outcomes for plays were described by 1,837 spatio-temporal metrics. Each metric's marginal effects were estimated using Cramér's V, Mutual Information and the I-score. Values for Cramér's V of 0.2 and 0.4 to mark the boundaries of small, moderate and large effects. Less than 1% of metrics show large effects with > 87% of all metrics showing small effects as per the Cramér's V thresholds. These large effect metrics where all within the 98th percentile of Mutual Information values and within the 96th percentile of the I-score values, which supports the Cramér's V distribution of marginal effects. Therefore, according to the recommendations of Tibshirani (1996), univariate variable-selection methods will be the most appropriate for selecting important metrics.
Sponsor: We would like to acknowledge the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council for partly funding this research (grant number EP/K504543/1).
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2017.12.Proc2.03 | http://hdl.handle.net/10045/68770
ISSN: 1988-5202
DOI: 10.14198/jhse.2017.12.Proc2.03
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://www.jhse.ua.es/
Appears in Collections:Revistas - Journal of Human Sport and Exercise - 2017 - 6th ISPAS International Workshop, 22-23 March 2016

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